Comparative Study On Harappan Civilization And Mesopotamia Civilization

1083 words - 5 pages

Essay on Harappa CivilizationArchaeological Discovery of HarappaArchaeological investigations had been conducted in the third decade of the present century at Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa situated in the Montgomery district of the Punjab, and the Larkana, situated in Sind.Indus CivilisationThe civilisation at Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappa, Nal and Kulli grew up in the valley of the river Indus and that is why it is referred to as the "Indus Civilization."The Ruins of HarappaIt seems that the city at Mohenjo-Daro was destroyed and rebuilt several times. Traces of seven different layers have been found. The Harappa Civilization was city based, and this explains the remarkable progress of the city life ...view middle of the document...

Civic Organisation of Indus Valley CivilizationThe ruins of forts, one each at Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa and Kalikangan have been discovered.Drains made of bricks of burnt clay were used for outlet of water from each house. Water flowing along the drain used to pour into the main gutter. A cover made of stone was put on the drain.Town Planning of Mohenjo-Daro and HarappaThe Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization very much systematic. The civic organisations of two cities were highly developed. Roads, dwelling houses, forts or large buildings confirmed to the same pattern. This compels the conclusion that the system of centralised administration had been in vogue in the cities for ages.The town planning of Harappan Civilization was observed by the scholars, and they assume that in building houses of the cities, close attention was given to their practical advantages. They built their houses in such a manner as they could last long, but the architectural and sculptural works of the dwellings were of low order.Dress of Harappan PeopleThe Indus people used garments made of cotton and wool. But much is not known about their garments. Perhaps, they used two separate pieces of cloth to cover upper and lower portions of the body. Men had beards, but generally got their moustaches shaven. They combed up their locks of long hair and got them tied by ribbons. Women preferred to dress their hair. Both men and women liked to use ornaments.Harappan Civilization ArtVarious painted and polished earthen pots were made here. Various toy-goods for children such as cow, lamb, elephants, buffaloes, monkeys, boars, heno...

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