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Compare And Contrast 2 Models Or Theories Of One Cognitive Process

612 words - 3 pages

Multistore memory
The Multistore Memory model is a model of memory which was made in the 1960’s, which is put in to three different storage systems, which is the Sensory Memory, long term memory and short term memory.
The Sensory Memory System works by serving as a gate for memory storage, as it connects to our different sense, such as touch, smell, hearing etc. This is where our information about our world surroundings is stored, although it only stays in our memory for a couple of seconds. Not all the memory which is stored in the sensory memory system is passed on to the STM (short term memory), although a small amount of it is.
The next model of memory is the LTM (long term memory), which is the most advanced model of memory. It has the largest capacity of memory storage with an unlimited amount of memory storage for an unstated amount of time. The memory which is stored in the LTM can be affected by schemas, which makes the memories distorted, which makes the memories non exact.
STM (short term memory) which is the last multi store memory process is the less advanced memory storage model. This memory model is only able to store memories for around 6-15 seconds, as it can only store around 7-8 things at a time. If you do not rehearse the information you have learnt, it can be quickly lost, although paying more attention to that specific bit of information, it can be processed into the LTM (long term memory) where it stays for an unlimited amount of time.

And the

Levels of processing
The Levels of Processing memory model is different from the Multistore memory model because instead of separating information into different memory stores, it stores the information into different levels of processing. The memory is processed in three different ways, which is the Shallow Process...

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