Compare And Contrast Britian And France Over Educational Practices

1281 words - 5 pages

Compare and contrast Britain and France over educational practices The existence of mass education is a common feature of industrial societies. It is agreed by sociologists that the education system accepts some responsibility in preparing young people for the world of work. It is viewed as an institution where socialisation takes place, involving acquisition of knowledge and skills. It with or without intent also helps to shape beliefs and moral values. Education is an issue that plays an essential role in all aspects of society and sparks debates in issues of national economic competitiveness, national identity, and social justice. It is viewed as protecting the status quo and is a crucial element of personal growth and social transformation. The education system has existed since the early 19th century and appears o expand as society progresses.Education in general appears to be shaped by four educational traditions. The first view is known as Encyclopaedism, it is very strongly inherent with the ideas from the "˜enlightenment' period. It has been a very influential frame, especially for European countries such as France. This view promotes the idea that valid knowledge should be categorised, codified, and learnt. It promotes the concept that education provides the ability to think rationally, to reason, which leads to a better society with "˜enlightened' people who, from education have the ability to use knowledge and reasoning with situations they encounter throughout their lives.The second traditional view is based from a philosophical root known as humanism. It highlights the concept that education creates a "˜virtuous individual' who posses high qualities of moral values, and high levels of intelligence. The humanism belief is strongly developed from English public schools and universities. This approach strongly emphasises the role of the academic tutor who in some ways acts as a "˜role model' and though their guidance and example results in the pupil becoming a well rounded individual.The third view is Vocationalism, which is orientated around the national economy. Its objective is to meet the needs of the national economy for skilled labourers who possess the suitable attitude towards work.The fourth tradition is a recent philosophy in education known as Naturalism. This has developed from a combination of psychology, sociology, and philosophy. It highlights the significance of an individual child, its needs, ability knowledge, and its social world. It is based on the ideology of learning, influences, and interaction from the environment. It is a skill based approach, focusing on "˜learning how to learn'* and how the child interacts with its environment, education and other institutions, from which the child develops into a whole person.Although the education systems may have been adapted as time progresses and vary slightly from country to country, the root of education originates from these four views....

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