Compare And Contrast India And China's Population

1540 words - 6 pages

China and India are the two countries that have the highest population in the world. Both countries have realised that family planning and population control had to happen around the 1950's for India and the 1970's for China. This essay will seek to compare and contrast China and India, focusing on what the major problems facing both are, why have they both had to implement policies regarding population control, and the long-term and short-term effects that these policies have on the two countries.

The major problem concerning China is over population. Due to overpopulation, the demand for energy to light every house and for petrol to fuel every car is becoming too great. With added pressure of providing for the people, more natural resources and fossil fuels are used up. There is also a shortage of jobs. China has a population of 1.31 billion people. In 2003, the total of number of unemployed people in China was 744,320,000. The World Bank said that the total unemployment level was close to 10%, though that is only the number of people who are registered as unemployed. The real figure would be substantially greater. China is faced with, because of overpopulation, lack of space. Approximately 137 people live on each square kilometre of China's territory, China ranking 71st on the worlds list of the countries with the highest population densities. The world average is 43 people per square kilometre, making China three times the average figure. Also a pressing issue is the state of poverty in China, (due to the recent focus on a new type of capitalism, there are marked contrasts between rich and poor). The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation states that there is ample food to feed the population. The problem lies then in how effectively the food is distributed. There is also a severe lack of adequate education. In recent years, literacy rates have drastically decreased. Illiteracy for persons aged 15 and over for 1990 was 22.2% and for 2000 it was 8.7%. In 1964 the illiteracy rates for college and university were 0.5%, and in 1990 they were 1.6%. India faces much the same problems, though as the world's largest democracy (population-wise); the way that the government goes about everyday things is quite different. Contrary to China's system of 'equally' dividing wages and food, the Indian population have to work for themselves. As with China, India is suffering the brunt of overpopulation, shortage of jobs, lessening of natural resources, decreasing literacy rates, and a population density level rivalling China's.

After the Chinese Cultural Revolution, once Mao Zedong had assumed power, he introduced a Five Year Plan that ran from 1958-1963 which was known as The Great Leap Forward. This vision failed and resulted in widespread starvation, being the world's worst man-made famine. The...

Find Another Essay On Compare and contrast India and China's population

Compare and contrast Essay

1110 words - 4 pages Professor VoglCognitive Psychology17 April 2012Compare and ContrastCognitive development is the development of intelligence and problem-solving ability that begins when you are a child. Jean Piaget and Lev S. Vygotsky were two psychologists who...

compare and contrast Essay

751 words - 3 pages Compare and contrast essayLevi Adams10-12-14Other people, who don't know a lot about track and field, might think the events seem the same. That's not the case; all of the events vary in different ways. In track and field there are two field events that use the sand pit. Those two events are long jump and

compare and contrast paper

2182 words - 9 pages Compare and Contrast PaperIsabella PignatelloWhen considering the qualities that contribute to positive relationships, you could come up with many virtues that would fit the bill. Care, honor, love trust, honesty, and selflessness are all important components of finding a balance, where it is possible, to live in peaceful coexistence with one another. However, respect is the most underappreciated virtue....

Compare And Contrast Essay

795 words - 3 pages Compare and Contrast Essay I was only eleven years old when I first walked into the Knox Middle School. I was an upcoming student amazed at every little thing that could be seen. The place that was so old and cold, demanded new organization, after fifty-three years of passing on...

Compare and Contrast

1265 words - 5 pages Compare and Contrast (The Snyper & The Most Dangerous Game)      The story The Sniper takes place during the civil war in Dublin, where a single sniper waits on a roof top to eliminate any threat from the oposing forces. This story is very tense right from the begining as soon as he noticed the enemys watching him and a bullet comes close to hitting him. This story's opening is one that catches your attention and...

Compare and contrast dystopian

3699 words - 15 pages Dystopian Futures in Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four.The existence created by Brave New World is very efficient however it lacks any meaning, humans have no real extremes in feelings, no love, hate, pain and suffering. They are conditioned by technology to accept these things as normal. People are mass-produced to serve the means of the sociality and have no individuality whatsoever, a bleak world eliminating spirit and human...

compare and contrast

1044 words - 4 pages [Last Name] 1[Last Name] 8Rosemary OhenewaHall Crawford101-3519 October 2014Compare and Constract: Christianity, Islam and JudaismReligion is something that virtually all humans have in common. Human beings have always been curious about the meaning and purpose of life. Religion try to answer the curiosity people have about there being a higher source, identifying this greater domination as...

Compare and Contrast

1050 words - 4 pages Gomez PAGE 5Karen GomezMs. FerrellEnglish 110 ; T/TR 12:4023 September 2014Childhood ObesityChildhood obesity is a growing epidemic that is troubling the United States, as a whole, more and more as the years pass. When a child weighs more than what is recommended for his/her height, that child is considered obese....

compare and contrast two countries

2643 words - 11 pages Population Policy Essay in GeographyComparison of two Population PoliciesIntroductionPopulation policy determines the principles, objectives and policies adopted by the State as regards population issues for the purpose of influencing the population status, including variables in population growth and its main elements (fertility, births, deaths, geographical distribution, immigration, population...

Compare and Contrast WWI & WWII

1107 words - 4 pages Compare and Contrast WWI & WWIIThere are a lot of similarities and differences between the two world wars. A main factor, however, is that the events in the first world war basically caused most of the events to happen in the second world war. The two wars are very closely tied together and have a big relationship with each other.First off, some of the differences from the first world war to the second. If we compare the costs of...

Compare and contrast two approaches

1404 words - 6 pages Psychology is a huge science area with many variations on approach. Over many years Psychologists such as Freud, Skinner, Rogers and Watson, just to name a few, have contributed, providing us with invaluable tools to evaluate and treat mental illness, understand and treat phobias and indeed provide us with a window into the unconscious mind.In particular, two areas of study have intrigued me, so I believe it would be useful to compare...

Similar Essays

Compare And Contrast The Population Management Strategies In India And China.

1094 words - 4 pages Compare and contrast the population management strategies in India and China.India and China are both facing the same oncoming immanent disaster if nothing is done to stem the growth of their populations before their natural recourses and food supplies can no longer sustain the increasing pressure being placed on them by overpopulation.China recognized the consequences of their population growth back in the 1950's and quickly...

Compare And Contrast Two Countries On Population Policy Of India And China

2643 words - 11 pages Population Policy Essay in GeographyComparison of two Population PoliciesIntroductionPopulation policy determines the principles, objectives and policies adopted by the State as regards population issues for the purpose of influencing the population status, including variables in population growth and its main elements (fertility, births, deaths, geographical distribution, immigration, population...

Compare And Contrast Of The Effects Of Imperialism Of The West On Africa And India

1269 words - 5 pages Jules Ferry once said "In order for a country to be great, she must show her influence throughout the world and carry everywhere she can her language, her customs, her flag, her arms, and her genius." This quote is the perfect example of the views of an imperialist nation. From 1750-1914 Western civilizations dominated the world by enforcing their culture and systems upon weaker nations. Regions such as Africa, the Middle East, India, and...

Compare And Contrast Essay

964 words - 4 pages Compare and Contrast Essay The setting of a story is the time and place in which the story takes place. The author may include a specific date or time period, or leave it up to the reader to determine a time period by suggesting certain events. The author may choose to give specific examples and clues as to where the story takes place or may suggest certain things to clue the reader to where the story is taking place. The theme of a piece...