Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau

774 words - 3 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed
VIEW DOCUMENT
Preview

Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau

The turmoil of the 1600's and the desire for more fair forms of government combined to set the stage for new ideas about sovereignty. Locke wrote many influential political pieces, such as The Second Treatise of Government, which included the proposal for a legislative branch of government that would be selected by the people. Rousseau supported a direct form of democracy in which the people control the sovereignty. (how would the people control the sovereignty??) Sovereignty is the supremacy or authority of rule. Locke and Rousseau both bring up valid points about how a government should be divided and how sovereignty should be addressed.

Rousseau and Locke differ slightly on how the question of sovereignty should be addressed. Rousseau believed that men would essentially destroy themselves due to their "mode of existence"(more explanation of what is meant by "mode of existence"?) (Rousseau 39) and therefore must enter into a government that controls them. However, this control is in the form of direct participation in democracy where people have the ability to address their opinions, and thus sovereignty is in the control of the people. Unlike Rousseau, Locke believed firmly in the fact that government should be split up into a legislative branch and a ruling branch, with the legislative branch being appointed as representatives of the people. He contends that people give up the power of their own rule to enter into a more powerful organization that protects life, liberties, property, and fortunes. The two differ significantlyin that Rousseau wanted a direct or absolute form of democracy controlled by the people, while Locke prefered an elected, representative democracy that also co-exists with a ruling class.

Rousseau's plan gives the State almost no control over its people while Locke grants the State more of a decision making role. Rousseau believeed that the state should in fact have very little control over the people. Since the people control the sovereignty, the state essentially has no control other than the control that results from the general will of the people. This control is in fact established directly by the people, but also does set up rules as to how...

Find Another Essay On Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau

John Locke And Jean Jacques Rousseau On Equality And Democracy

1567 words - 6 pages -Jacques_Rousseau" title="Jean-Jacques Rousseau">Jean-Jacques Rousseau is found in almost every hint of modern philosophy. Though in common they share theories on the state of nature where man existed prior to civilization and the social contracts they explained, many specific entities from the ownership of property to the rights of man differ among these philosophers in this state leading to dissimilar notions of equality and democracy. While Locke...

Compare And Contrast Paper

2182 words - 9 pages Compare and Contrast PaperIsabella PignatelloWhen considering the qualities that contribute to positive relationships, you could come up with many virtues that would fit the bill. Care, honor, love trust, honesty, and selflessness are all important components of finding a balance, where it is possible, to live in peaceful coexistence with one another. However, respect is the most underappreciated virtue...

Compare And Contrast

833 words - 3 pages that O’Connor makes it short and straight to the point. An example of this is on page 421 where O’Connor talks about the grandma writing the mileage on the car at 55890. Another way the reader can compare and contrast the stories is by analyzing the point of view each story is told from. In “Araby” the story is told from a first person point of view which offers a very different perspective than the third person point of view in which “A Good Man...

Compare and Contrast

996 words - 4 pages The Metamorphosis and MSND manifest similar elements that are made evident throughout. Ovid was venerated by Shakespeare in his works. During the development of MSND, Shakespeare utilized Ovid’s Metamorphosis. Through his work in MSND, influence taken from Ovid’s Metamorphosis is illustrated through the plot and characters. The four lovers in MSND closely resemble Apollo and Daphne with their personas and objectives. MSND’s plot resembles that...

Compare And Contrast Dystopian

3699 words - 15 pages science, form a basic contrast in the language of Brave New World, the magical element is provided by Helmhotz Watson's poetic drive and the references to Shakespeare. Helmhotz represents the artistic inspiration surpressed by Brave New World. He feels something else to communicate, far more significant than Brave New World propaganda. "I've got something to say and the power to say it only I don't know what it is and I can't make any use of the...

Compare and Contrast

1112 words - 4 pages special attention to him when he visited. The narrator in The Yellow Wallpaper is never named, but she is also married. Her character faces internal conflict, and most people would consider her crazy. She claims to see a living woman moving in her wallpaper and says that she can smell it. In contrast to Anna who is a socialite, the main character from The Yellow Wallpaper almost never leaves her room let alone her bed. Her singular main focus is on the...

Compare and Contrast Essay

815 words - 3 pages very different. Their appearances, personalities and how they are involved with Louis can both be compared and contrasted. Appearance can always be used to compare and contrast two characters in a movie. Penelope is a brunette with medium length hair. She also wears makeup that makes her look sophisticated and important. The makeup she wears does not make her look anything less than a rich woman. Her clothes are also of the rich fashion. She...

Compare And Contrast Essay

964 words - 4 pages Compare and Contrast Essay The setting of a story is the time and place in which the story takes place. The author may include a specific date or time period, or leave it up to the reader to determine a time period by suggesting certain events. The author may choose to give specific examples and clues as to where the story takes place or may suggest certain things to clue the reader to where the story is taking place. The theme of a...

Compare and Contrast Essay

1003 words - 4 pages To truly compare or justify anything to be superior to something else, you must have more than one thing to compare. When I start to review narrative and descriptive essays, I have to try to understand what separates the two. I chose to compare “Caged Bird”, by Maya Angelou as my Descriptive essay and “How to say nothing in 500 words”, by Paul McHenry Roberts as my narrative essay. To me these two essays set themselves apart from each other...

Compare And Contrast Essay

795 words - 3 pages Compare and Contrast Essay I was only eleven years old when I first walked into the Knox Middle School. I was an upcoming student amazed at every little thing that could be seen. The place that was so old and cold, demanded new organization, after fifty-three years of passing on...

Compare And Contrast

1265 words - 5 pages Compare and Contrast (The Snyper & The Most Dangerous Game)      The story The Sniper takes place during the civil war in Dublin, where a single sniper waits on a roof top to eliminate any threat from the oposing forces. This story is very tense right from the begining as soon as he noticed the enemys watching him and a bullet comes close to hitting him. This story's opening is one that catches your attention and...

Other Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau Essays

Compare And Contrast The Philosophies Of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, And Karl Marx

772 words - 3 pages In the idea of human nature; origin of state, the nature of government, the rights of regulation can be drawn as the reflection of insightful philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes and Karl Marx. By understanding this within the context of human nature, we can see their ideas play to how they perceive a modern philosophy. Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto illustrates the desire to build "a society without economic classes". ...

Locke, Hobbes And Rousseau Essay

2084 words - 8 pages What is common in Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau is state of nature. In the state of nature all people are equal – although they have different talents they are equal, because having different talents doesn’t prevent equality - and have same rights but in time they try to command each other and make domination upon them. Hobbes associate this desire with the effort to dispel the insecurity which is caused by equality between people. According to...

Political Philosophy: Locke And Rousseau Essay

1584 words - 6 pages John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau are excellent writers and philosophers. Their theories are very much alike with each other as well as differ at times. As they are political philosophers, their theories' main focus is based on society and its norms. Although their theories...

Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, And Machiavelli Essay

2342 words - 9 pages Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli The thirteenth through the eighteenth century brought profound changes in the political realm of Western civilization. Beginning with the Scientific Revolution and only advancing during the Renaissance, secularization and skepticism lead to changes in not only the intellectual life of Westerners, but also to their politics. At the forefront of the political debate were well-versed men such as...