This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Compare And Contrast Medical And Psychological Models For Understanding And Intervening In Children’s Development.

1986 words - 8 pages

Medical and psychological models of children's development have tended to follow two discrete paths. The medical model tends to assume a line of pathology that seeks causation and remediation. Psychological models tend to embrace a developmental approach, in which social and cultural norms play an equal, if not larger part, in pursuing the interests of the child. This essay seeks to compare the two models, using Down's Syndrome and autism as the main vehicles for analysis and discussion and to contrast how the two approaches attempt to address children's development.One fundamental difference in the medical and psychological approaches has been in the use of terminology. The medical model seeks to diagnose a patient with a disease or symptoms that requires treatment. It often uses terms that label the child in ways that seek to categorise the child, as if, ownership of a disorder were solely attributable to the individual. This contrasts with most recent psychological approaches that conceptualise the child, as a member of a wider social group who has certain needs, that with intervention will attempt to enable him or her to live as normal a life as possible. It is implicit in this approach that whilst the child may have a disability, the "˜problem', belongs within society. (It is probably fair to say that this is, albeit to a much lesser extent today, still aspirational) It could be argued that in both models a "˜problem' exists, in some cases, because there are wider cultural expectations that require individuals to behave and conform in certain ways to defined developmental milestones. Thus, there is an (unwitting) attempt to homogenise individuals within social norms.With Down's Syndrome it is now clearly understood as a congenital condition. Although there are several variations of the syndrome, by far the most common are those where the child has an extra 21st chromosome. The effect of this impairment is, to varying degrees, one of delayed and different mental development. Autism is less clearly defined, although it is generally acknowledged that to be so labelled, there is a requirement for a subset of three distinguishable features. Namely, an indifference to other people and an avoidance of social contact, plus an impairment of social communication, plus an impairment of social imagination and understanding.The assignment of labels to define impairments attracts comment. Latterly, particularly within the psychological movement, there has been much emphasis on avoiding labelling individuals that stereotype them in a particular way. Rightly, to do so can be divisive, often wrong, and limit our expectations for the child and his or her achievements. There is also the danger that clinical definitions can result in children, with very differing needs, being stigmatised and grouped under one label. However, it could also be argued that in attempting to avoid the negative connotations associated with being "˜labelled', it can...

Find Another Essay On Compare And Contrast Medical And Psychological Models For Understanding And Intervening In Children’s Development.

Compare and Contrast Two Theories of Gender Role Development

1505 words - 6 pages Compare and contrast two theories of gender role development A dominant debate in current psychological research is one on gender development. Psychologists try to understand relative importance of social and cognitive factors. Various theories are brought up in this field and in this essay two of the most standard theory in this field are going to be explained. The theories covered in this essay relate to aspects of children’s thinking that

Compare and contrast 2 models or theories of one cognitive process

612 words - 3 pages Multistore memory The Multistore Memory model is a model of memory which was made in the 1960’s, which is put in to three different storage systems, which is the Sensory Memory, long term memory and short term memory. The Sensory Memory System works by serving as a gate for memory storage, as it connects to our different sense, such as touch, smell, hearing etc. This is where our information about our world surroundings is stored, although it

Compare and contrast TWO theories of gender role development. Make use of examples from the psychological research to illustrate your discussion

1362 words - 5 pages the sexes. It refers to the economic, social and cultural attributes associated with being male or female (Bee, 1995). In many societies being male or female brings many expectations such as wearing appropriate clothes, behaving or working in a manner that is either feminine or masculine. This essay will compare and contrast two theories of gender role development, psychoanalytic theory and social learning theory. The first discussed theory of

Critically evaluate and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Customer Boycotts. Compare and contrast two consumer boycotts and discuss appropriate microeconomic theoretical models

2588 words - 10 pages also resentment.Another disadvantage for consumers would be that some people would argue that all publicity is good publicity.Now I will compare and contrast the consumer boycott of coca cola with the consumer boycott of Nestle.Coca cola is the worlds fastest selling non-alcoholic beverage and the consumer boycott of it started on the 22nd July 2003. The reason behind the boycott is because they are accused of complicity in the assassination of 8

Compare and contrast the four styles of creative intelligence and their influence on organizational decision making. Discuss how the five forces influence mental models/mindsets

1020 words - 4 pages to new possibilities and willing to risk failure. These individuals work hard and are not necessarily looking for a reward. In an organization, a good idea is to mix the different intelligence styles in a group so they can all work together, filling different voids. Creative individuals often work outside of their comfort zone when trying to solve a problem. If an idea or solution does not come out how they thought, they are usually willing to

Critically compare and contrast the ‘Best Fit’, ‘Best Practice’ and ‘Resource-Based View’, models of HRM strategy and explain how each approach is argued to contribute to improved organisational...

2484 words - 10 pages Critically compare and contrast the 'Best Fit', 'Best Practice' and 'Resource-Based View', models of HRM strategy and explain how each approach is argued to contribute to improved organisational performance.Strategy is the skill and planning that are involved in governing resources. In a business sense this relates to "a set of ideas, policies and practices which management adopt in order to achieve a people management objective" in studying

Children’s drawings and mental development

922 words - 4 pages development of their fine motor skills. This development enables children to obtain a deeper understanding of the organization of maps by increasing their knowledge of space and scale. Children’s cognitive maps are developed as they create “mental representations of familiar large-scale spaces such as their neighborhood or school.” (Berk, 2012, Pg.438) This occurs in the more realistic drawing phase, displaying organization of drawings in relation

compare and contrast

1490 words - 6 pages the author message to the reader is at this point. We have to open our arms, and heart to help people unluckier than us. By comparison, these two books with different author, different published century, different ways to create the story. It seems like different, but it’s the same in some way. As a result, I compare and contrast “The Little Match Girl” by Hans Christian Andersen and “Ladder to The Moon” by Maya Soetoro-N G, illustrated by YuYi

COntrast and COmpare

903 words - 4 pages importance of his experience in the forest being reality or a dream is moot. The experience for Goodman Brown should have been about choice and change. The story was an allegory for life without Christ, and what it represented which is life without faith, hope, happiness, peace, truth, light, joy, love, relationship, connection, redemption, healing, forgiveness, and understanding. The use of symbolism in both stories allows the reader to create a

Compare and contrast

1110 words - 4 pages believes is where the infant did not have language or thought in the early stage because their understanding to reality was absent. The next stage that comes as the sensorimotor period is the preoperational periods which were between the ages of 2-7. In this stage, language development is the main characteristic in this stage. Piaget believed that in this stage children are unable to understand concrete logic and also they are unable to see

Compare and Contrast

1265 words - 5 pages Compare and Contrast (The Snyper & The Most Dangerous Game)      The story The Sniper takes place during the civil war in Dublin, where a single sniper waits on a roof top to eliminate any threat from the oposing forces. This story is very tense right from the begining as soon as he noticed the enemys watching him and a bullet comes close to hitting him. This story's opening is one that catches your attention and

Similar Essays

Compare And Contrast How Content Analysis And Ethnographic Research Have Been Used To Study Children’s Understanding Of Friendship

1618 words - 7 pages needed to decide who the participants would be. They wanted to know what children’s personal views were, so a common factor for both types of research was that those taking part were all children. Bigelow and La Gaipa chose a large sample of children aged 6 to 14 years old (Brownlow, 2012). They all resided in the same city in Canada and came from a similar or identical social group. There were 480 participants all together chosen from eight schools

Compare And Contrast Spearman And Gardner Intelligence Models

1045 words - 4 pages In this paper I will compare and contrast Spearman's Model of Intelligence and Gardner's Multiple Intelligence models. One theory of intelligence states that there is one general school of thought and the other theory believes there are multiple schools of thought. Spearman's general ability, or a "g" factor, believe that this is the only factor that measures intelligence, whereas, Gardner's multiple intelligence believes there are more than one

Compare And Contrast T Cell Development With B Cell Development

1112 words - 4 pages structures. B-Cells B-cells develop from pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells, which give rise to lymphoid progenitor cells in the bone marrow. These stem cells have become Pro-B cells when they have begun to express B-cell marker proteins such as CD34 and rearrange the genes that code for the heavy chains in its B-Cell Receptor (BCR). In the next stage of development, Pro-B cells will become Pre-B cells. The transition to Pre-B cells involves

Compare And Contrast T Cell Development With B Cell Development

955 words - 4 pages are not self reactive and have similar developmental steps which assist in a similar function of getting rid of pathogens. The cells need to be toxic enough to overcome pathogens yet must not be harmful to self cells. However, the differences in the development are crucial as they yield cells which can recognise and respond to a wide range of pathogens. The mechanisms for gaining tolerance vary This is important to maintain a good defence