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Compare And Contrast Poems Essay

1172 words - 5 pages

English essay
“The Sorrow of Sarajevo” by Goran Simic, and “Dulce et Decorum” by Wilfred Owen both examine the theme of war. The poem “Sorrow of Sarajevo” is an account of the poets experience in Sarajevo during the siege, in 1990 Bosnia. The poem seems to depict a man in the middle of a warzone, surrounded by dead bodies, and wreckage, the narrator seems to appear to be all alone and is filled with sorrow as he witnesses atrocities. The poem describes horror, death, civilian casualties and lasting torment. As with the poem “Dulce et Decorum” was also an account of the poets experience during the First World War, which was a an event that brought too many people, pain, sorrow and bitterness. Many people were touched by terror of the war, and have written pieces of literature about the massacre ‘WW1’. When Wilfred Owen wrote this poem, he was aiming for people to understand the horror and tragedy that befell those involved. His poem is a magnificent description of a gas attack suffered by a group of soldiers in World War 1. The poet seeks to convince us that the horror of war far outweighed the patriotic clichés of those who glamorize war. His poem is one such elegy that presents to the reader a vivid, horrifying description of the war, aiming to illustrate that war is not romantic or heroic, but a senseless and devastating event. “Sorrow of Sarajevo” was set in an urban city in the 1990’s. Whereas in “Dulce et Decorum” was set in a battlefield in the trenches. Similarly both poems have the same idea and message they are sending; which is that going to war was a big mistake.
“Sorrow of Sarajevo” is composed of 4 stanzas. It has no rhyme scheme, he uses enjambment and caesura. It also has short and simple sentences but therefor very effective. This specific structure is used to mirror. Each stanza in this poem focuses on different aspects of war equally as “Dulce et Decorum”. The first stanza concentrates on sorrow and horror. The second stanza describes the struggle between life and death in Sarajevo. The third stanza illustrates the death of innocence. The fourth stanza depicts the lasting trauma of the siege. Whilst on the other hand “Dulce et Decorum” is also composed of 4 stanzas and uses enjambment, but the sentences are longer and more detailed. It has an irregular rhyme scheme. The first stanza shows that walking was tiring, and many bombs were dropped. In contrast to the first stanza, the second stanza is full of action; when the soldiers were hit by gas and everybody got their masks on. The third stanzas brief 2 lines emphasize the nightmare these events continue to be for our speakers. In the last stanza, Owen becomes more insistent as he drives at us with the steady rhythmic beat, explaining what it it’s like to die from gas. This particular structure is used to reflect the fact that the truth of what happens in trenches and t lie being told at home. It is this attention to form an image that makes the poem effective.
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