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Compare And Contrast The Economic, Political, And Social Structures Of Ancient Athens To Modern Day Iraq To See If Democracy Can Work In Iraq

1152 words - 5 pages

Democracy does not work. This is the case in some countries. However in others democracy can thrive and work like no other government. By comparing the political, economic, and social structures of ancient Athens and Iraq it can determine what the conditions are for democracy to work in Iraq. Before democracy is able to work in Iraq, the Iraqi people must learn to coexist with one another, pay off their debt, and Athens went through several different government changes. Athens was first a Monarchy. The nobles, who advised the king and provided leadership in war, gain power. This led to an Aristocracy. The Aristocrats became wealthy, to extremely wealthy. They made a huge gap between the lower class citizens and the upper class citizens. However average citizens started to demand more say in the government. As the citizen-soldiers became more important, they also demanded input in the government. The Aristocrats, not wanting to give up any power, did no such thing. Revolts began to break out by the lower class citizens. To try to prevent a civil war, the Aristocrats appointed a man named Draco to write the first written code. Draco's code was not well accepted by the Athenians so a man named Solon was sent to improve them. Solon's reform gave more power to an average citizen. However this did not stop the rise of Tyranny. The first tyrant of Athens was Pissastratus. Pissastratus took land and power away from the nobles and gave it to the peasants. Cleisthenes was the next tyrant. Cleisthenes was responsible for the making of the Athenian Assembly. This was a big step toward the development of democracy. Democracy reached its peak under the leader Pericles. Athens then had a direct democracy. All citizens had the right to vote and attend the assembly. Iraq has gone through many involuntary changes. From 1538 to 1914 Iraq was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1914, the British took Iraq from the Ottoman Empire in World War I. During the war, the British had told the Iraqi people that they would have independence. Instead the League of Nations gave Iraq the status of a "mandate" territory. This enthralled the Iraqi people and a rebellion broke out in 1920. The British stopped the rebellion quickly. To try to make an unstable nation, British officials separated Iraq into three major districts. The northern most district was the Kurdish district, the middle district was the Sunni Arab district, and the Southern most district was the Shiite district. Making these three groups live together would make Iraq easier to be controlled by outsiders. In 1932 British gave Iraq independence yet Iraq was still under British influence. In 1958 a pan-Arabic faction finally ended the monarchy witch was the British. Iraq then called itself a republic. The Baathist party took control of Iraq in 1968. When Bakr retired as president in 1979, Saddam Hussein took power. The U.S. is currently using force to take Saddam out of power and invoke a democracy. The...

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