Emerson had returned from Europe in 1833 and started writing his poem which emphasizes on the unity of all manifestations of nature, nature symbolism and development of all natures form towards the highest expression as embodied in man. According to him nature is both an expression of the divine and a means of understanding it. Not only that, Emerson, finds studying nature motivational and description-free and also he says ideas are real, whereas the material is nothing more than illusion. The goal of science is to provide a theory of nature, but men have not yet attend a truth of nature’s forms and phenomena.
He defines nature as everything separate from the inner individual. In other word nature also refers to the material world unchanged by man. Emerson describes true solitude is going out into nature and leaving behind all preoccupying activities as well as society. When a man gazes at the stares, he becomes aware of his own separateness from the material world. Unlike children, most adults have lost the ability to see the world in this way. In order to experience the presence of nature, we need to approach it with a balance between or inner and our outer senses. Nature is the part of man and even unwelcomed storm is capable of changing his mood. All aspects of nature correspond to some state of mind.
Though there is a special relationship between man and nature, but nature does not provide the pleasure that comes of perceiving this relationship. Such satisfaction is a product of a particular harmony between man’s inner processes and the outer world. The way we react to nature depends upon our state of mind in approaching it. According to Emerson, he treats the most basic uses of the nature is for heat, food, water, shelter and transportation. Although they are ranked as low uses but they are the only applications that most men have for nature, they are prefect and appropriate in their own way. According to him, he examines nature’s satisfaction of human requirement, the desire for beauty. The perceptions for the nature’s beauty lie in the eye itself. Nature can give simple pleasure to man and nature pleases even in its harsher moments. The same landscape viewed in different weather and seasons are seen as if for the first time. We cannot capture natural beauty if we actively and intentionally seek it. We must rather put forward ourselves to it, allowing it to react to us unexpectedly, as we go about our lives. Not only that nature also works together with the spiritual element in man to improve the goodness of moral, virtuous and brave human actions.
Emerson also points out the capacity of natural beauty to stimulate the human mind, which uses nature to grape the divine order of universe. The love of beauty constitutes taste, its creative expression an art. The work of art demonstrates man’s actual power. Nature’s beauty is visualized in the mind and express through creative actions. The poet, painter, musician and architect are all...