This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Compare And Contrast The Theories Of Personality D

2041 words - 9 pages

Personality is an intriguing component in psychology vital for perception of human beings. Different theories of personality adopt different levels of explaining features of human beings. Two theories meet the conditions of personality and theories of development, Freud's psychoanalytic theory later followed by Erikson's psychosocial theory.Freud's theory of personality development relates to his theories of personality structure and motivation. His topographical model of personality organisation in psychoanalysis saw psychic life represented by three levels of consciousness. Methods of free-association, analysis of slips of the tongue and interpretation of dreams identified aspects of the ...view middle of the document...

It operates on a primitive basis, free from inhibition. The id is the original personality system it exposes the immediate discharge of psychic energy produced by biological drives. Psychic apparatus is fuelled by psychic energy, hence the id. However when tension is created the id seeks immediate gratification and to reduce excitement therefore the id obeys the 'pleasure principle' which regards nothing. Freud thought this as 'infantile' personality, pre-socialisation. The id was primatively a reflex however if this was true development would be hypothetical. Freud identified two mechanisms the id uses to rid tension, reflex actions and primary process, a formation of a mental image or object to satisfy the basic aim, distinction is left to the ego.The ego is psychic energy 'borrowed' from the id to direct externally. The 'executive' of personality which engages in secondary process of thinking. The ego obeys the reality principle, preserving gratification until either object or environment condition which could satisfy it has been found. Unlike the id the ego has a moral code, however like the id it is amoral.The superego is the final stage to morality. Developed by norms and values of society, it is divided into two sub-components, the conscience, acquired by punishment, and ego-ideal, approval and reward. It is developed when self-control replaces parental control, it controls the id and persuades the ego to change goals.The ego holds back the unconscious which tries to break through to dominate the conscious. It uses defence mechanisms such as denial, repression, regression, protection, reaction formation and identification with aggressor.Erikson, also a psychoanalyst, accepted Freud's tripartite theory of the structure of personality yet he focused more upon the ego and had less concern for the id and superego. He believed that the ego influences development. He also accepts Freud's three levels of consciousness.Freud saw personality development tied to development of sexual instinct (libido) which passes through stages. Significant others also affect child's behaviour in each stage, Freud also emphasised drive. The distinction of two groups of instincts, life instinct (eros) which include libido and death instinct (thanatos) comprising aggression are other identifications in development.The theory of development is based on genetics and sexual energy. He theorised that there are four universal stages of psychosexual development in the formation of personality. each stage is embarked by a primary ergenous zone. Fixation and frustration overindulgence are factors in each stage. fixation occurs when a child is stuck' in one stage due to frustration or overindulgence. Development is an interaction between biological timetable of change and the environmental or social context in which it happens.The oral stage (0-1) sees the mouth as a zone. It is divided into receptive sub-stage and aggressive sub-stage. Fixation would see excessive oral...

Find Another Essay On Compare And Contrast The Theories Of Personality D

Compare and Contrast two ethical theories

2167 words - 9 pages In this essay I have chosen to compare two opposing theories, Immanuel Kant's absolutist deontological ethics and Joseph Fletchers relativist situation ethics. The deontological ethics focuses on actions made according to duty and the categorical imperative - which shows how acts are intrinsically good or bad. The situation ethics state that no act is intrinsically good or bad, and that actions should b made according to love. From this

Compare and contrast these theories: SMCR, Inoculation Theory, The Boomerang effect, and Rank’s Model of Persuasion. Identify the strengths and

737 words - 3 pages Research studies suggest theories such as the SMCR model, Ranks theory and inoculation theory are effective models of persuasion. In addition, they determined the boomerang effect to be a unique theory of persuasion in which the communication efforts result in goal opposites (Woodard et al., 2013, p. 144). In comparison, the communication outcomes of the SMCR and Ranks theories goal oriented. The SMCR model consists of four uncomplicated key

Compare and contrast two theories of motivation explaining how the two approaches may differ and how they may be similar

1353 words - 5 pages The subject of motivation can be approached from a number of perspectives. Some theories approach motivation as coming from within a person (Drive Theory), whereas other theories approach motivation as coming from within the person (Incentive Theory). Compare and contrast two theories of motivation explaining how the two approaches may differ and how they may be similar. Does one theory seem to explain motivation better than the other? Support

Compare and contrast 2 models or theories of one cognitive process

612 words - 3 pages Multistore memory The Multistore Memory model is a model of memory which was made in the 1960’s, which is put in to three different storage systems, which is the Sensory Memory, long term memory and short term memory. The Sensory Memory System works by serving as a gate for memory storage, as it connects to our different sense, such as touch, smell, hearing etc. This is where our information about our world surroundings is stored, although it

Using a range of theories from across the HR143 syllabus compare and contrast two organizations of your choice from either the public or private sectors

2644 words - 11 pages IntroductionIn this report I am going to apply different theories from across the HR143 syllabus to compare and contrast Marks and Spencer's and Nestle. I am going to compare how the two organizations exercise motivational aspects, their organizational cultures and their organizational structures.Motivation within Marks and Spencer'sMarks and Spencer's exercise a very effective motivational policy via their very successful human resources

Compare and contrast TWO theories of gender role development. Make use of examples from the psychological research to illustrate your discussion

1362 words - 5 pages the sexes. It refers to the economic, social and cultural attributes associated with being male or female (Bee, 1995). In many societies being male or female brings many expectations such as wearing appropriate clothes, behaving or working in a manner that is either feminine or masculine. This essay will compare and contrast two theories of gender role development, psychoanalytic theory and social learning theory. The first discussed theory of

Compare and Contrast of the Od

1187 words - 5 pages Sophocles' Oedipus the King and Homer's Odyssey both deal on the topic of truth. In both works the character Tiresias, a blind prophet, participates in the different journeys by revealing various truths to the main characters. While the main importance of Tiresias in The Odyssey is to show that truth can be helpful, his importance in Oedipus the King is to attempt to discourage Oedipus on his journey to find the truth because he knows the truth

Compare and contrast of the od

1187 words - 5 pages Sophocles' Oedipus the King and Homer's Odyssey both deal on the topic of truth. In both works the character Tiresias, a blind prophet, participates in the different journeys by revealing various truths to the main characters. While the main importance of Tiresias in The Odyssey is to show that truth can be helpful, his importance in Oedipus the King is to attempt to discourage Oedipus on his journey to find the truth because he knows the truth

Compare and Contrast the Domestic Policies of Truman and Eisenhower

2465 words - 10 pages Compare and contrast the domestic policies of Eisenhower and Truman Harry S Truman and Dwight David Eisenhower were both Presidents of the United States from the 1940s to 1950s, with the latter succeeding Truman. Both these presidents served two consecutive terms, despite the fact that Truman’s first term was given by default as the result of a misfortune, which brought him the nickname of ‘Accidental President’, and the suspicion and doubt by

"Compare and contrast the internal policies of Mussolini and Stalin."

1289 words - 5 pages "Compare and contrast the internal policies of Mussolini and Stalin."Mussolini and Stalin were two of the most significant dictators of the 20th century. Both aimed to establish a totalitarian system but their different characters and circumstances in their respective countries resulted in two very different approaches in obtaining their goals.At the beginning of Mussolini's era, Mussolini was supported by the Liberals in parliament. With their

Compare and Contrast of “Journey to The West” and “Tartuffe”

998 words - 4 pages By comparing and contrasting the two stories, "The Journey to The West" and "Tartuffe", this essay will attempt to compare and contrast the function of the endings in these two works. "The Journey to The West"​ is a story contains one hundred chapters explaining how a Tripitaka, a monk, with three disciplines travel to India to retrieve the holy sculptures and seek for enlightenment, while "Tartuffe" is a short play about Orgon, head of

Similar Essays

Compare And Contrast Two Developmental Theories Of

2321 words - 9 pages Compare and contrast two developmental theories of intelligence Intelligence is a complex psychological construct and promotes fierce debate amongst academics. Many experts maintain that intelligence is the most important aspect of individual differences, whereas other doubt its value as a concept. At one extreme many claim that individual differences in intelligence depend upon genetic factors, and at the other many argue that environmental

Compare And Contrast Of Motivational Theories

691 words - 3 pages for you. ("If you graduate from college, I'll give you a car!" or worse "If you don't graduate from college, you won't get a car.") But motivation that comes from within really makes the difference. Theories have been developed over the years as to what motivates us and those theories are what I intend to discuss.Compare and Contrast of Motivational TheoriesMaslow's Hierarchy of NeedsMaslow showed little interest in animal or laboratory studies of

Compare And Contrast Functionalist And Marxist Theories Of Stratification

1550 words - 6 pages Compare and ContrastFunctionalist and Marxist Theories of StratificationStratification is the separation of society into layers which are distinguished by unequal rewards and life chances and many systems of stratification have been based on slavery, caste and feudalism.Slavery, being the oldest and most extreme form of stratification, involves the enslavement or ownership of others. This ownership came about as a result of conquest, trade

Compare And Contrast Two Theories Of Gender Role Development

1505 words - 6 pages Compare and contrast two theories of gender role development A dominant debate in current psychological research is one on gender development. Psychologists try to understand relative importance of social and cognitive factors. Various theories are brought up in this field and in this essay two of the most standard theory in this field are going to be explained. The theories covered in this essay relate to aspects of children’s thinking that