Compare And Contrast Two Approaches Essay

1404 words - 6 pages

Psychology is a huge science area with many variations on approach. Over many years Psychologists such as Freud, Skinner, Rogers and Watson, just to name a few, have contributed, providing us with invaluable tools to evaluate and treat mental illness, understand and treat phobias and indeed provide us with a window into the unconscious mind.In particular, two areas of study have intrigued me, so I believe it would be useful to compare and contrast these two very different approaches. Not only will I compare the methods of research used but also will note any similarities or differences they may have and indeed the strengths and weaknesses of each approach. My chosen approaches to evaluate are Behaviourist V Psychoanalytic.In 1913 John Watson published ' Psychology as the behaviourist view it', in it he outlined his new ideas. These ideas were considered 'new' because Watson disagreed with Freud's view of human behaviour; he dismissed it as ' philosophical to the point of mysticism' (Watson 1913, citied by Christopher D. Green, York University). Watson also dismissed heredity as an important factor in human behaviour shaping. Watson stated that 'The traditional methods of animal psychology are indeed the true method of scientific psychology'. (Watson 1913, citied by Christopher D. Green, York University). In this article Watson said' The time seems to have come when psychology must discard all reference to consciousness; when it need no longer delude itself into thinking that it is making mental states the object of observation ' ('Psychology as the behaviourist views it' John Watson, Psychological review, 1913}. By saying this Watson meant that Freud and other Psychoanalysts could not prove their theories and therefore were not scientific. Also they studied abnormal patients (mental patients) so therefore they could not have a true picture. This publication did in fact establish 'a new school of psychology, the School of Behaviourism'. The essential theories, which stand Watson out from the rest, are that he believed psychologists should look to the relationship between the environment and the behaviour, rather than the presumed contents of the consciousness. The principles that govern behaviour in animals and in humans are virtually identical.Watson's aim was to predict and control behaviour. He was able to provide evidence to his theories unlike other unreliable and unverifiable conscious experience studies.A behaviourist believes that the environment motivates behaviour and that a stimulus will create a response, therefore, 'humans are merely passive respondents.' This approach rejects the unconscious mind and believes that only behaviour that can be observed should be studied. There are three main areas of study Classical conditioning (Pavlov), Operant conditioning (Skinner) and Observational learning (Bandura). Classical conditioning uses a stimulus response, Pavlov when experimenting with the dog and salivation, conditioned the dog to know...

Find Another Essay On Compare and contrast two approaches

Compare and contrast two works of Art

1376 words - 6 pages This essay will cover the similarities and differences between two Artworks " The Little fourteen -Year- Old Dancer" and " Baboon and young". Discussion about this works of Art will be based on the field man's analysis, thus description, analysis, interpretation and judgement on the subject matter, media and size, location and literal qualities, social, cultural and political issues surrounding the creation of the Artworks but in the form of...

Compare and Contrast of two Dramas

1387 words - 6 pages Untitled Jackie Magnuson Professor Adkins English 1B 11 May 2011 Compare and Contrast Fences By August Wilson and Death of a Salesman By Arthur Miller August Wilson's Fences and Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman warrant comparison. Wilson and Miller both execute dramatically different styles to articulate their independent perspectives of the struggles in maintaining respectful, trustworthy...

Compare and Contrast two ethical theories

2167 words - 9 pages In this essay I have chosen to compare two opposing theories, Immanuel Kant's absolutist deontological ethics and Joseph Fletchers relativist situation ethics. The deontological ethics focuses on actions made according to duty and the categorical imperative - which shows how acts are intrinsically good or bad. The situation ethics state that no act is intrinsically good or bad, and that actions should b made according to love. From this...

Compare and contrast the two characters of Celie and Jeanette

1738 words - 7 pages Compare and contrast the two characters of Celie and Jeanette. Consider the influence of religion on the two main protagonists. Despite the fact that Celie and Jeanette are characters who appear to be lost in completely different worlds they do in fact have quite a lot in common. The influence of religion on the two girls is significant and can be seen throughout the two novels. Jeanette is trapped at home with an extremely strict...

Compare and Contrast two poems: Welsh Landscape and East Moors

1217 words - 5 pages "Welsh Landscape" is written by R.S Thomas. He was a Welsh traditionalist born in 1913 and he died in 2000. He has strong views and lives in the past thinking of Wales of having no present or future. The poem consists of just one stanza. The main theme of this poem is war imagery, the words that suggest this are "ambush", "spilled blood", "wild", "strife", "strung", "sped arrows", "cries", "fields", "corners" and "carcass".He describes Wales to...

Compare and Contrast Two Theories of Gender Role Development

1505 words - 6 pages Compare and contrast two theories of gender role development A dominant debate in current psychological research is one on gender development. Psychologists try to understand relative importance of social and cognitive factors. Various theories are brought up in this field and in this essay two of the most standard theory in this field are going to be explained. The theories covered in this essay relate to aspects of children’s thinking that...

Islam vs. Christianity; compare and contrast two ancient religions

2721 words - 11 pages Outline:Thesis: Despite the fact that there are many similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity, both religions are significant in today's society, which is reflected in the grand number of followers each has amassed.I. Similarities between Islam and ChristianityA. The "messenger" angel GabrielB. Message delivered of one GodC. Creation and JudgmentD. Concept of ForgivenessE. Basic Rules of Guidance1. Islam: Five Pillars2....

Critically compare and contrast the community psychology and public health approaches to social problems

876 words - 4 pages My aim in this paper is to analyse community psychology and public health and distinguish between the two approaches. Community Psychology focuses on economic, environmental, political and social factors that influence the way in which people all over the world live their lives. It also touches on social factors that contribute or causes problems in various societies. Public Health on the other hand, according to Tutorial Letter 102/0/2014, is...

Compare and contrast the supply chain management approaches take by H&M, Benetton and Zara

2717 words - 11 pages The purpose of this essay is to discuss different supply chain management approaches taken by H&M, Benetton and Zara. It is first necessary to explain what a supply chain management means. Supply chain management involves planning, design, maintenance and control of the flow of materials and information along the chain in order to efficiently satisfy customer's requirements (Schroeder, 2000). Such an approach, of looking at the entire supply...

Compare and contrast Nozick and Rawls approaches to the issue of Indigenous Australians land rights

4314 words - 17 pages Compare and contrast Rawls' and Nozicks' approaches to social justice with respect to the issues facing indigenous Australians.To what extent in theory and in practice has social justice been achieved by the Australian governments Native Title Claim 1992 legislation?Recognition of aboriginal land rightsUltimately social justice would have been better achieved if Nozicks' framework had been closer followed with minimal state interference- unlike...

Compare and contrast two of the set texts from two different periods "Everyman" and "Doctor Faustus"

1081 words - 4 pages Both Everyman and Doctor Faustus are plays. They are written within different timePeriods, with Everyman written in the medieval era and Doctor Faustus written in theRenaissance.Everyman and Doctor Faustus are both Morality Plays, these are specifically plays thatexisted within the Medieval period. They were popular during this period as they wereintended to instruct the audience in the Christian way and attitudes to life. The moralityplay is...

Similar Essays

Compare & Contrast Two Approaches To Psychology

1539 words - 6 pages Psychology is a discipline that involves monitoring mental processes and behaviour scientifically. Psychologists try to delve into the basic functions of a person and animals cerebral activity. This usually involves studying relationships, emotions, personality and many more areas of a person or animals day to day life. Psychology tends to steer towards finding reasons for a person or animals actions in an attempt to resolve them.There are many...

Compare And Contrast Two Theories Of Motivation Explaining How The Two Approaches May Differ And How They May Be Similar

1353 words - 5 pages The subject of motivation can be approached from a number of perspectives. Some theories approach motivation as coming from within a person (Drive Theory), whereas other theories approach motivation as coming from within the person (Incentive Theory). Compare and contrast two theories of motivation explaining how the two approaches may differ and how they may be similar. Does one theory seem to explain motivation better than the other? Support...

Compare And Contrast Two Countries Essay

2643 words - 11 pages Population Policy Essay in GeographyComparison of two Population PoliciesIntroductionPopulation policy determines the principles, objectives and policies adopted by the State as regards population issues for the purpose of influencing the population status, including variables in population growth and its main elements (fertility, births, deaths, geographical distribution, immigration, population composition such as population youthfulness or...

Compare And Contrast Two Developmental Theories Of

2321 words - 9 pages Compare and contrast two developmental theories of intelligence Intelligence is a complex psychological construct and promotes fierce debate amongst academics. Many experts maintain that intelligence is the most important aspect of individual differences, whereas other doubt its value as a concept. At one extreme many claim that individual differences in intelligence depend upon genetic factors, and at the other many argue that environmental...