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Compare And Contrast Two Countries On Population Policy Of India And China

2643 words - 11 pages

Population Policy Essay in GeographyComparison of two Population PoliciesIntroductionPopulation policy determines the principles, objectives and policies adopted by the State as regards population issues for the purpose of influencing the population status, including variables in population growth and its main elements (fertility, births, deaths, geographical distribution, immigration, population composition such as population youthfulness or rising rate of the elderly, as well as general issues relating to health and education, and this issue is happened in every countries in the world but the problem will happened it depends in the different population structure of each countries. Some countries want more people so they want to have pro-natalist policy encourage population growth, in other hand some countries want population become lower so they want to have anti-natalist policies try to reduce population. I can give a good case study for pro-natalist policies in Singapore. They openly encourages its people to have more children in each family, and the case of anti-natalist policy which clearly influence the lives of the population of India. These two countries offer a good comparison because of their vastly different point of view.Body
History of population policy in Sigapore

After Independence in 1965, the population of Singpore was growing at a rate that would seriously threaten the success of Singapore. The Government introduced the "Stop at two" policy to help control the rapid population growth. It was introduced in 1969.The policy had a very successful response; in fact, it was so successful that the population started to decline.- Changing from pro-natalist to anti-natalist in singapore'sCouples saw the benefits in having a smaller family, such as more money, higher quality of life and cars. The population increase stayed low. Women started to pursue careers before having children. With a rise in University graduated women failing to marry and bear children, the policy "three or more, if you can afford it" was introduced because the Singaporean government saw this as a social problem.It was introduced in 1986. Singapore's population consists of 4,553,009 people. 2,222,757 of these are men and 2,330,252 are women. The total sex ratio is 0.954:1 men: women. 15.2% of the population are aged between 0-14, 76.3% are aged 15-64, and 8.5% are aged 65+. The average age for the people in Singapore is 37.8 years old. The total fertility rate is 1.07 children per woman after the policy was put into place. Before the policy was put into place, women were having 6 children on average.The Singaporean government introduced a 'stop at two' policy, to help slow down the rapid population growth of Singapore in 1969. The government introduced this policy because they saw population growth as a threat to the living standards in Singapore, as children would pack school and medical facilities. Women were having 6 children on average. The policy had a very...

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