This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Compare Mill And Kant’s Ethics Essay

917 words - 4 pages

Kant’s Ethics may best apply to modern business. Kant said right action based on a set of moral rules, and the right action is supposed to be the one that conforms with these rules, whereas certain other types of action are morally forbidden. He also suggests that people should be treated "with respect and as ends in their own right, not solely as means to other's ends." On the contrary, Mill’s ethics only concern about the happiness of majority instead of duty itself. Thus, the question how could Kant’s “austere” system do better for business needs than Mill’s flexible business ethics. I would say that although Mill’s Ethic is a functional system of moral analysis, but the decision is easily changeable when the consequence change and in business, decision are hard to change when had been made. Also, sometimes it is not possible to uncover all the pains and happiness when making a business decision.
Let me use an example to show how Kant’s ethic is best applied to decision making. A doctor sees the test data showing that the person has a disease that is incurable and have survive rate of lower than five percent. Should the doctor tell the truth or should the doctor tell something other than the truth? First, let us look at Mill’s ethic. As utilitarian, I will say telling the truth there will be a great deal of pain and hardly any pleasure at all. The person will be upset, their family will be upset, the doctor will be upset in informing the ill person that there is nothing that the doctor can do to alter their condition. The doctor's staff will be upset seeing the person come in for whatever treatment there may be. So the ethical solution will be to make makes up a story concerning the diagnosis and prognosis that is not true but that gives the ill person more time to enjoy life before the illness makes it obvious that the end is near. However, a Kantian doctor will say that is immoral and he should tell the truth about the person’s diagnosis. It is the duty of the doctor to be honest to his/her patients. Also, we should respect a patient’s own right to decide for his/her life. We cannot use the patient as mean to achieve other ends which is the greatest happiness of the people involved. One may argue that utilitarian consider long term consequences if doctor lie. Although this is true, we must not forget sometime long term consequence is not uncovered. When long term consequences are not known, we cannot make a moral decision, where as Kant’s approach concern about the duty of doctor instead of outcome of the action.
Another scenario, suppose a doctor sees...

Find Another Essay On Compare Mill and Kant’s Ethics

ETHICS AND POLITICS: COMPARE TWO MACHIAVELLIAN THINKERS (Machiavelli And Han Fei Tzu)

1286 words - 5 pages At first glance, Machiavelli and Han Fei Tzu may seem extremely alike in their attitudes towards ethics and politics. Although both philosophers lived in a different period of time and part of the world, their similarity in thoughts categorized them under the same title as "Machiavellian thinkers".However, with a closer examination of their writings, it is not unreasonable to notice that they are, to a certain extent, different in both

The Golden Rule in Kant and Mill’s Ethical Theories

1615 words - 6 pages Ethics refers to what people consider good or bad and right or wrong. It is a theory dealing with values that relate to human behaviour; with respect to their actions and purpose. The two most important philosophers that deal with ethics are Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. Kant’s ethical theory is Kantianism or deontological ethics. Mill’s ethical theory is utilitarianism. Both philosophers’ theories have many differences; Kant’s theory

Mill and Kant's Efforts to Solve an Ethical Dilemma

1373 words - 6 pages . Guyer, Paul. Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 2006. Print. Moore, Brooke and Kenneth Bruder. Philosophy: The power of ideas, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2011. Print Nussbaum, Martha. ‘Mill between Aristotle & Bentham.’ Daedalus, 133.2 (2004): 60-68. Print. Reath, Andrews. Agency and Autonomy in Kant’s MoralTheory: Selected Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. Print. Rescher, Nicholas. Kant and

Kant: Moral Theories

1276 words - 5 pages article by Brink, Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy, he describes Mill as a systematic philosopher who made significant additions to logic and metaphysics together with epistemology, ethics and political philosophy, not to forget social theory, which is also in the list of his contributions. Above all, he was felt greatly in his approach on the moral and political philosophy. This was crystallized by his objective to justify the principle of

Ethics: The Human Imperfection of Greed

993 words - 4 pages growth to teaching (for which reason it requires experience and time), while moral virtue comes about as a result of habit. (Cohen, p. 79) I feel that these ideas serve as the groundwork for Ethics in general but as society has progressed it was and is necessary to adapt different types of Ethics. I am going to focus particularly Rule Ethics in this essay. Two specific Philosophers who contributed to this branch of ethics are John Stuart Mill and

An Exposition of Kant’s, Arendt’s, and Mill’s Moral Philosophy

2792 words - 11 pages An Exposition of Kant’s, Arendt’s, and Mill’s Moral Philosophy Immanuel Kant adheres to Deontological ethics. His theory offers a view of morality based on the principle of good will and duty. According to him, people can perform good actions solely by good intentions without any considerations to consequences. In addition, one must follow the laws and the categorical imperative in order to act in accordance with and from duty. Several other

Comparing Kant and Mill

915 words - 4 pages Comparing Kant and Mill Works Cited Missing Kant and Mill both articulate thoughts that praise the use of reason as the ultimate good, that which leads to enlightenment (in Kant’s terms) and a general understanding and certainty, as Mill would put it. The two political philosophers, while both striving to reach the same goal, ultimately achieve their goals in a different sense, and even demonstrate a slight discrepancy in what they

Kantian Ethics vs. Utilitarianism

1184 words - 5 pages author and who they are is necessary. Onora O’neil is a philosophy professor at Cambridge University, while Richard Taylor also teaches philosophy, at the University of Rochester. He has written many books on ethics and metaphysics. He strongly criticizes Kant’s philosophy by saying it is too abstract. The Philosopher Kant in contrast with Mill deals with, deontological ethics that, means rule based ethics, which basically deals with an

Utilitarianism, by John Stuart Mill

2492 words - 10 pages , but the motives of the agents at the same time can be different. According to utilitarianism, each person's actions are of the same value. This is another area that Mill’s and Kant’s idea differ. Kant takes the time to explain people’s motives and they can differentiate. He understands that some people motives are not clear and therefore do not possess true moral worth. Mill does not share this same belief. Mill sees good actions as being of the

Kant vs. Mill: Human Rights and Utilitarianism

2106 words - 8 pages , J. R. (2006). John Stuart Mill's political philosophy: Balancing freedom and the collective good. London [u.a.: Continuum. Gearon, L. (2006). Freedom of expression and human rights: Historical, literary and political contexts. Brighton [u.a.: Sussex Academic. Kant, I. (2008). The metaphysical elements of ethics. Rockville, Md: ARC Manor. Luban, D. (1980). Just War and Human Rights. Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (2):160-81. Mill, J. S., Bentham, J., & Ryan, A. (1987). Utilitarianism and other essays. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin Books. Soccio, J. (1998). Archetypes of Wisdom. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

FUL vs GHP

1755 words - 8 pages Mill’s theory of the Greatest Happiness Principle and how it measures the happiness of humans with the use of the three ingredients: consequentialism, hedonism, and impartiality and how this theory falls short to Kant’s. To begin, Mill would take the situation of Tom and Mary and say that Tom made the right choice in giving away Mary’s organs. Mill has a theory that all moral decisions should be chosen only to promote the greatest amount of

Similar Essays

Euthanasia And Ethics: Kant And Stewart Mill

1269 words - 6 pages The issue of euthanasia is one surrounded by much controversy. Here we will look at the moral system of Immanuel Kant and John Stewart Mill, the argument for euthanasia, and how each philosopher would respond to that argument. Immanuel Kant and John Stewart Mill have different ethical views therefore they view the issue of Euthanasia differently. Immanuel Kant holds a deontological, or duty based, ethical view. This means that for something to

Ethics: Ayn Rand And John Stuart Mill

1367 words - 6 pages Ethics is defined as the study of moral standards and how they affect conduct in a society or individual. With such a definition it is not wonder that the idea of what is ethically right or wrong can be interpreted differently depending on whose moral compass you use. Though there are many scholars to choose from I chose two very specific doctrines to evaluate for the purpose of this class. Ayn Rand and John Stuart Mill are two scholarly writers

Compare And Contrast The Concepts Of Eudaimonia And Happiness, And Their Respective Roles In The Ethical Philosophies Of Aristotle And Mill

2188 words - 9 pages In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle attempts to determine what the best life consists in, and demonstrate that all human action aims at eudaimonia. Mill's ethical philosophy is that actions are right if they promote the general amount of happiness, wrong if they decrease it. Their respective concepts, eudaimonia and happiness are similar in many ways, for example, they both embrace the idea of quality of happiness as well as quantity. There is

"Ethics Affect Actions".Examines The Views Of Two Philosophers (Kant And Mill) On How Ethics Affect Appropriate Action. Great For A Philosophy Class And You Can Add Your Own Views And Opinions

1075 words - 4 pages "Ethics Affect Actions""What is the appropriate action?" It's a controversial question that is a focal point for moral and ethical code. Morals and ethics is, of course, a subject that runs deep in the discussion of philosophy. People are faced with moral dilemmas everyday, which often times they decide without thoroughly examining their options. Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are two philosophers who focus on the topic of ethics, yet with