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Compare Mill And Kant’s Ethics Essay

917 words - 4 pages

Kant’s Ethics may best apply to modern business. Kant said right action based on a set of moral rules, and the right action is supposed to be the one that conforms with these rules, whereas certain other types of action are morally forbidden. He also suggests that people should be treated "with respect and as ends in their own right, not solely as means to other's ends." On the contrary, Mill’s ethics only concern about the happiness of majority instead of duty itself. Thus, the question how could Kant’s “austere” system do better for business needs than Mill’s flexible business ethics. I would say that although Mill’s Ethic is a functional system of moral analysis, but the decision is easily changeable when the consequence change and in business, decision are hard to change when had been made. Also, sometimes it is not possible to uncover all the pains and happiness when making a business decision.
Let me use an example to show how Kant’s ethic is best applied to decision making. A doctor sees the test data showing that the person has a disease that is incurable and have survive rate of lower than five percent. Should the doctor tell the truth or should the doctor tell something other than the truth? First, let us look at Mill’s ethic. As utilitarian, I will say telling the truth there will be a great deal of pain and hardly any pleasure at all. The person will be upset, their family will be upset, the doctor will be upset in informing the ill person that there is nothing that the doctor can do to alter their condition. The doctor's staff will be upset seeing the person come in for whatever treatment there may be. So the ethical solution will be to make makes up a story concerning the diagnosis and prognosis that is not true but that gives the ill person more time to enjoy life before the illness makes it obvious that the end is near. However, a Kantian doctor will say that is immoral and he should tell the truth about the person’s diagnosis. It is the duty of the doctor to be honest to his/her patients. Also, we should respect a patient’s own right to decide for his/her life. We cannot use the patient as mean to achieve other ends which is the greatest happiness of the people involved. One may argue that utilitarian consider long term consequences if doctor lie. Although this is true, we must not forget sometime long term consequence is not uncovered. When long term consequences are not known, we cannot make a moral decision, where as Kant’s approach concern about the duty of doctor instead of outcome of the action.
Another scenario, suppose a doctor sees...

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