Richard woos two women in the play, both in unique ways, however succeeds in the end. He uses many manipulative patterns and persuasive techniques that help him succeed in his wooing of both women. As the both of the wooing is done by Richard himself there are many similarities, nevertheless many differences as the first wooing is to the woman in person and second wooing is wooing the daughter through her mother.
The main difference between the two scenes are that Richard intended to be king in Act 1 Scene 2 and already is king in Act 4 Scene 4. This may be seen as a disadvantage in the wooing of Anne as he has no power, therefore cannot offer it and as an ...view middle of the document...
Finally, Richard tries to threaten Elizabeth by saying that a war will start and cause ‘death, desolation, ruin and decay’. As Elizabeth is a former queen, she cares about what happens in the country. She is too weak to do anything and her husband’s legacy was to bring peace not start a war. So if a war started it could be blamed on her and make her feel guilty. However, the same threat approach cannot be used with Anne as she does not really care about the country and is heartbroken about the death of her husband and her father in law.
At first both Anne and Elizabeth are prepared to kill Richard, however by the end of the scene have been persuaded, especially Anne as she takes the ring and Elizabeth agrees to consult the idea with her daughter. Both women are in grief after losing their loved ones, even though both know Richard is the murderer, they have no power, like many of the women in this play. We can also see that it is more difficult to woo Anne rather than Elizabeth as Elizabeth gets more out of the marriage if it succeeds. Nonetheless, Anne only gets a husband who is not exactly a very handsome man as Shakespeare describes him. So it is more difficult for Richard to woo Anne as she gets nothing out of the marriage, therefore he has to praise her for example by complimenting her beauty. Though it is much easier for Richard to woo Elizabeth he needs to compliment the ways she has brought up her daughter and also praise her so she will agree. Richard can complement Anne’s beauty, but not with Elizabeth as it is not directly at her it would be strange.
After disagreeing several times Queen Anne only begins to lose her confidence against him when Richard admits killing her husband and says it was because he loves her. Later he offers her his sword and says ’Take up the sword again, or take up me’. Richard is very persuasive in this act, Anne drops the sword we can tell she has partly given in as she does not kill him. Due to her grief and Richard’s use of flattery she takes the ring. When at last she accepts the ring we can see Richard has one her even though she does not directly say yes.
Similarly when he tries to woo Elizabeth, at first Queen Elizabeth is stubborn and shocked at the thought of the marriage. Especially, after Richard had killed both her sons. When Richard asks Elizabeth how to woo her daughter she suggests that Richard should carve the name of her two dead sons, Edward and York, into their tiny bleeding hearts and send that along to the little sister. Elizabeth is very upset and knowing she cannot get revenge on Richard uses his request against him by saying no to him marrying her daughter. Finally, when Richard says to Elizabeth that she should think not on who he has been, but on who he'll grow to be, Elizabeth agrees. Both women are in distress and Richard can feel that they are weak so it is easier for them to be persuaded.
While Richard tries to flatter...