This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Comparing And Contrasting Sociological Theorists Max Weber, Emile Durkheim And Karl Marx

1711 words - 7 pages

Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber are all important characters to be studied in the field of Sociology. Each one of these Sociological theorists, help in the separation of Sociology into its own field of study. The works of these three theorists is very complex and can be considered hard to understand but their intentions were not. They have their similarities along with just as many of their differences.
The first theorist to consider is Karl Marx. Marx has a uniqueness all of his own. His attention was normally directed towards capitalism in society. He studied the basis of inequality under capitalism. (Ritzer, 2004) When you look into Marx’s work on the dialectical method you can see one of the differences between his studies and Durkheim and Weber. It says, “ The dialectical thinker believes that it is not only impossible to keep values out of the study of the social world but also undesirable because to do so would produce a dispassionate, inhumane sociology that has little to offer to people in search of answers to the problems they confront.” (Ritzer, pg 46) I believe this is showing the depth of Marx because he is basically telling us that without your values when you study sociology you lose the passion of it.
Marx also focused on the alienation of individuals from society due to capitalism. He saw it as the people were separate from their labor. In older times, people had a trade that they were good at and it described them but after capitalism came into play then their labor just became a job and was no longer personal. Neither Durkheim nor Weber believed this to be so. This is also a difference between them. ( Ritzer, 2004) Marx also tended to go more into depth about the capital and commodities where the other two did not. He thought there was a basic formula to capital. This formula was C-M-C. (Kivisto) While most theorists have different ideas that made them well known, the next theorist had a lot of influence on the field of Sociology.
Emile Durkheim is considered to be the Father of Sociology. In contrast to Karl Marx’s theory of Sociology, Durkheim believed that society is made up of a bunch of social facts and can be studied empirically. Durkheim did put a lot of emphasis on the idea of social facts. This made him stand apart from all other theorists and their ideas. (Ritzer 2004) This is what Durkheim said of social facts.
“ A social fact is every way of acting, fixed or not, capable of exercising on the individual an external constraint; or again, every way of acting which is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in its own right independent of its individual manifestations. (Durkheim,1895/1982;13) (Ritzer, pg 76)
Along with his study on social facts, he also focused some on the Division of Labor. Many people during this time believed that the social order of things was in danger due to the selfishness of society as a whole. While Marx believed that...

Find Another Essay On Comparing and Contrasting Sociological Theorists Max Weber, Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx

Mexican Society in the eyes of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim

1259 words - 5 pages In the article titled “Mexican official's daughter gets restaurant closed after she didn't get table she wanted” gives us the opportunity to explore a current event in Mexican society and the influence of social media which we attempt to view through the eyes of both Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. We will focus on Karl Marx’s conflict theory of capitalism and Emile Durkheim’s structural functionalism theory of dynamic density. Both theories

Social Theories of Karl Marx and Maw Weber

945 words - 4 pages There are many sociological issues in the world today that can relate back to the concept theories that Karl Marx and Max Weber formed many years ago. Although there are too many for us to go further in depth on, I chose to primarily focus on Racism and Classism. With the perspectives of these theorists in mind I can explain how Racism, Classism, in conjunction with Feminism are among the largest social problems human beings face in the world

Comparing Adam Smith and Karl Marx

562 words - 2 pages Comparing Adam Smith and Karl Marx Smith and Marx agree upon the importance of capitalism as unleashing productive powers. Capitalism is born out of the division of labour... that is, it is made possible by dividing jobs up into simple tasks as a way of increasing efficiency. By increasing efficiency, then everyone can produce more than they personally need. The extra produced can go towards the accumulation of capital, (machines, more land

Comparing Karl Marx and John Stuart Mill

4526 words - 18 pages Karl Marx was born and educated in Prussia, where he fell under the influence of Ludwig Feuerbach and other radical Hegelians. Although he shared Hegel's belief in dialectical structure and historical inevitability, Marx held that the foundations of reality lay in the material base of economics rather than in the abstract thought of idealistic philosophy. He earned a doctorate at Jena in 1841, writing on the materialism and atheism of Greek

Max Weber’s and Mircea Eliade’s Disagreement with Durkheim, Marx and Freud

1996 words - 8 pages Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Sigmund Freud were intelligent theorists that tried to reduce religion to simple explanations. Marx explained religion as a phenomenon created by economic position meant to give reason to people’s social economic position and thus provide them satisfaction, while they are promised salvation in paradise. Durkheim reduced religion as something created by the social interaction of people, thus making religion a social

Economis Theorists- Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes and their contributions to the field of economics

597 words - 2 pages Throughout the centuries, there have been many economists, who have contributed to the many economic theories. Among them is Adam Smith, also known as the Father of Capitalism. His theory on beneficial workings of the free marketplace and his 1776 Wealth of Nations is what he is most noted for. Karl Marx, the Father of Communism, is most famous for his theory on the conflict within capitalism. There is also John Maynard Keynes, who is known as

Why do writers such as Durkheim, Marx, Schumpeter, Polanyi, and Weber argue that relations of employment cannot be completely reduced to explicit

2234 words - 9 pages scholars that relations of employment cannot be completely reduced to explicit contracts. Among the scholars with writers who studied this phenomenon were Durkheim, Marx, Schumpeter, Polanyi, and Weber. Capitalism refers to a market system in which the production of the commodity and the market itself are pervasive in nature. This definition includes the capital market and covers the labor markets. As a result, in such a market system, most

Sociological Theory: Karl Marx: Major Features of Capitalist Mode of Production

4076 words - 16 pages Sociological Theory: Karl Marx: Major features of capitalist mode of production Introduction.Karl Marx is one of the outstanding and influential social scientists of the 19th century, an undeniable founder of modern social science. Some critics, however, believe that Marx was not an original thinker and that his claim to recognition lies in the fact of his remarkable synthesis of German Philosophy, French Sociology and English Economics of his

Sociological Theory: Karl Marx: Major features of capitalist mode of production

4093 words - 16 pages ;50,000. Mr. Peel had the foresight to bring with him, besides, 3,000 persons of the working-class, men, women, and children. Once arrived at his destination, "Mr. Peel was left without a servant to make his bed or fetch him water from the river." Unhappy Mr. Peel, who provided for everything except the export of English modes of production to Swan River! (Karl Marx, in Capital, vol. I, ch. 3) Australia, originally an English 'colony' for deportees

Max Weber and McDonalds

1445 words - 6 pages edition)Mullins, L.J.(1999) Management and Organisational Behaviour.( 5th ed) Financial Times Pitman PublishingRobbins S.P., Barnwell N. (2002) Organisational Theories (4th edition)Wilsom, D.C; Rosenfeld, R.H, (1990), Managing Organisations - McGRAW-HILL Book CompanyWebsitesFrank ,W, 1996, 2003,Max Weber homepage (online) Available at: ,2003, Max Weber(online), the free encyclopedia. Available at: http:// Corporate functions list

Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud

1193 words - 5 pages Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud are European sociologists who studied and wrote about the affect of industrializations and with society. Emile Durkheim is known to many in the humanities and academic fields. Freud is familiar to anyone who has studied intellectual and scientific history. Durkheim and Freud believed understanding the rules of society was vital for human survival. Durkheim compares to Freud in

Similar Essays

Max, Durkheim And Weber Essay

1753 words - 7 pages Comparison of Marx, Durkheim and Weber Sociology can easily be described as a untidy subject. As the "˜science of society and social relations' its boundaries are wide and difficult to draw. Marx, Durkheim and Weber are the major classical sociological thinkers and are often regarded as the "˜trinity' of major classical sociologists. They provide theories and arguments in order to create an understanding of our society. In comparing

Durkheim, Weber And Marx Essay

1228 words - 5 pages result of increased capital and credit. He argues that man simply wishes to live as comfortably as he can, and by nature does not wish to earn more money other than for that purpose. Finally, to summarize this power trio in sociological theory, Karl Marx (1818-1883) sees society in conflict over food, money and material goods. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) believes society is held together by shared values, which change over time as these societies

Similarites Between The Theories Of Max Weber And Karl Marx

1029 words - 4 pages Max Weber and Karl Marx has often been regarded as influential theorists who both analyzed in how the society is constructed in relationship to its economic conditions, more specifically on the division of labour. Both the labour and economics create a force on how societies are shaped and because of that Weber and Marx each developed a unique theory on how individuals react and how societies are formed. Many individuals say that, Marx and

Karl Marx Vs. Max Weber Essay

1036 words - 4 pages After class I go home to check my e-mail. A concept such as e-mail would have seemed absurd to Karl Marx and Max Weber. It is accepted as just another part of life in our high-technology society, however. Max Weber and Karl Marx had a difference of opinion over what was the driving force behind changes in society.Marx vs. Weber, in a 12 round decision its Weber's rationalization of society over socialism. The essential difference in these two