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Comparing And Contrasting "The Miller's Tale" And "The Reeve's Tale"

947 words - 4 pages

"The Miller's Tale" and "The Reeve's Tale", two stories in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, are fabliaux, bawdy and comic tales that build to a ridiculous and complex climax usually hinging on some joke or trick. One parallel observed between the two stories is the unfaithfulness of the wife in marriage. Another similarity between the two stories is the theme of a husband who tries to keep control of his wife. In addition, the wife is the only one not to receive adequate retribution for her actions. One difference, however, is the meritoriousness of the recipient of the infliction of the worst physical damage. In both stories, the wives of the miller and the reeve commit adultery."And thus lay Nicholas and AlisonBusy in solace and the quest of fun" (101)Upon John the carpenter falling to sleep, Nicholas and Alison decide to betray the reeve and have sexual relations with one another. Similarly, the miller's wife becomes guilty of fornication once the miller has fallen to sleep."John waited for a while, then gave a leapAnd thrust himself upon this worthy wife.It was the merriest fit in all her life,For John went deep and thrust away like mad." (116)Although not initially upon the intent of the miller's wife to have sex with another man, once she is engaged in it, she enjoys it thoroughly for John the clerk makes it a highly pleasurable experience. Furthermore, in "The Miller's Tale," Absalon, the epitome of a courtly lover, reaps no benefit from his courtliness except a kiss to Alison's "arse". On the contrary, the reeve's wife fornicates with Nicholas, the complete opposite of a courtly lover. This infidelity of the wives seems to imply that Chaucer does not believe that love has a place in marriage, with all its courtliness. Both in "The Miller's Tale" and "The Reeve's Tale," the husbands attempt to keep excessive control over their wives."Jealous he was and kept her in the cage,For he was old and she was wild and young;He thought himself quite likely to be stung." (89)Despite the carpenter's attempts to control his wife, she still managed to "sting" him by committing adultery with Nicholas."No one dared call her anything but 'Madam',No one who passed was bold enough to tryA bit of fun with her or wink an eye,Unless indeed he wanted Sim the SwaggerTo murder him with cutlass, knife or dagger" (109)Similarly, the miller's extremity in protecting his wife does not prevent her from enjoying the sexual bliss delivered to her by John the clerk. Chaucer's attack on the protectiveness of the husbands serves to promote jealousy as a bad characteristic. The jealousy of the husbands is what perhaps engenders the lust of the...

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