Andrew Marvell’s To His Coy Mistress and John Donne’s Flea
Andrew Marvell and John Donne both wrote “carpe diem” poetry full of vivid imagery and metaphysical conceits. This message can be clearly seen in the poems "To His Coy Mistress" by Marvell and Donne’s "Flea." Though both poems take a similar approach to the topic addressed, it is Marvell that writes more thoughtfully and carefully, coercing instead of Donne’s seemed demanding\begging.
The speaker in “Coy Mistress” is trying to convince his woman of choice that it is much better to have sex now than to save her virginity for the future. Why save it until they are married? The man wants to experience the pleasure now. Marvell’s message here seems to be that instead of worrying about the future; planning exactly when we should do things, humans should take things as they come and enjoy them before it is too late. This theme relates to all aspects of life, not just sex.
Donne’s narrator, though having the same goal and idea, is far more blunt in his reasoning. Noticing a flea that presumably had bitten them both, he argues that since the flea has mixed their blood without her intent, why not let him do the same? When the woman eventually kills the flea, she kills the bond between them. But the narrator stays determined, and proceeds to show how insignificant sex is, just as it was to kill the flea.
The rhyme scheme of “Mistress” follows a standard rhyming couplet pattern, though a few of the lines are irregular. Lines 23 and 24 rhyme "lie" with "eternity," and lines 27 and 28 rhyme "try" with "virginity." It is interesting to note that lie rhymes with try, just as eternity rhymes with virginity. Marvell used this technique to change up the systemic flow of the rest of the poem. By doing this, the symbolism present have a greater impact on the reader. Images of "deserts of vast eternity" and "virginity" together instill the idea that it will be difficult to prolong virginity.
Marvell uses spondaic meter as well as iambic tetrameter. "Shall sound," the last two words of line 26, are both stressed. "Rough Strife," the last words of line 43, are also both...