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Comparing Early American Colonies Essay

1233 words - 5 pages

The beginning of the Americas
America was a place for dreams, a new beginning, religious freedom and rights.
For the people of Europe the Americas was a place to prosper, worship in there own way, and expand there kingdoms. The only problem is that they attempted to settle in their own way and all failed dismally. The New England, Mid-Atlantic and Southern Colonies grew differently in various ways, but each with the same state of mind, “do it our way”. Examining the three sets of colonies will prove that they were all different in religion, government, and ways of expansion.
New England was started for the search of religious freedom from persecution. England’s government required a strict attendance to the Anglican church. If a person were to refuse, holding separate services, they could be imprisoned and or fined! If the people didn’t take oath of supremacy to the king, they could be jailed for life. Since Charles I was head of the Anglican church what he said went; Charles removed all puritans ministers from his their pulpits. The puritans got fed up with all this persecution and as there ministers left to the new world they followed.
One of the New England colonies was Rhode Island. After Roger Williams, a minister, challenged the Massachusetts policy time after time he was eventually banned from this land. In 1636 he purchased land in Narragansett bay and establishes providences. He created this society based on religious tolerance, separating state from church. After four more settlements were established Roger went to England, they got a charter, and established Rhode Island. His government was based on the principle of freedom of worship.
Connecticut u can say was an unexpected colony. It started off just as a trading post, but as the news of good land spread immigrants looking this such thing, flourished here. John Withrope Jr. ,a puritan nobleman, convinced Thomas Hooker, a minister, to lead congrats to this location. As more and more groups followed Connecticut was established in 1636. They were without a charter, thus deciding upon a policy called Fundamental orders of Connecticut. This such government resembled the one of Massachusetts, they would elect governors, only one year at a time. As for religion puritism was the only know one at the time. As the population was growing and new settlers would arrive the colony had to stretch its boundaries. This in turn deteriorated there relations with the natives. Justifying there expropriation of the natives land was considered “ Vacuum Domicilium”. Threw there eyes the natives weren’t using the land to its fullest potential, they were wasting profitable land.
As for Massachusetts first year times were rough. The first year over 700 women, men, and children arrived here, but 200 died by the fall of winter. Luckily 12,000 people migrated to Massachusetts in the 1630’s. From king Charles I, Massachusetts obtained a charter to colonize. The people were Calvinists, governing them...

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