Comparing Genetically Modified Foods And Traditional Foods

1126 words - 5 pages

Contrasting crops that are genetically modified against crops that are not genetically modified.

As early as 1980, scientists had discovered that the possibility of transferring specific sequences of DNA from one organism to another organism. The beginning of modifying organism’s genetics was then started. 3 years later, building on this foundation, a tobacco plant that are anti-biotics immune was produced. Much later in 1995, a leading biotechnology company-Monsanto invented world-first herbicide resistant soybeans. The technology continue to accelerate quickly and when it came to the millennium, this genes modification technique was found to be able to enhance certain nutrients of foods. (“History of genetically modified crops”, n.d.). However, the society is still doubtful with crops that are genetically modified (GM) and are afraid about its potential health effects (“Genetically modified food controversies”, 2013). Hence raised organizations that protest (Leo, 2012) and support the consumption of Non-GM food (Non-GMO Project, n.d.). Meanwhile, scientists around the globe have presented more than 600 articles and researches proving that GM foods, including crops are harmless to human and the environment, yet proven to be beneficial to all, as according to Dr. David Tribe on his website-GMO Pundit. Why part of the public is so afraid of GM crops? Why scientists continue to advocate the benefits of biotechnology application on crops despite the disagreement from majority of people? Before these and others questions can be answered, it’s important to first understand the differences between crops that are genetically modified and crops that are not. The differences are the way there are grown, their tolerance towards herbicide and pesticide and their level of nutrient contents.
Firstly, crops that are not genetically modified are more prone to the attack of farm pests and less resistance toward the effect of herbicides when compared to GM crops. Traditionally, farmers need to apply different kind of pesticides to discourage or kill different pests that damage their crops. Pesticides kill pests by interfering with their brain and nervous system, the same may happen to human who consume it (“Pesticide 101-A Preview”, n.d.). Merriel (2012) once wrote in her research – Human Health Effect and Exposure to Pesticide that contacting with herbicide via direct skin contact, inhalation and prenatal exposure can bring both acute and chronic negative health effects, such as poisoning, skin and eye irritations, liver and kidney damage, higher rate of cancers like leukemia and brain cancers and cognitive deterioration and birth defect of infants. On the other hand, the use of herbicide on traditional crops may impeded the growth of crops and decrease the yields. Both herbicide and pesticide can also leach from the soil into nearby river or underground water and contaminate human’s drinking water (Robert, Richard, Arthur, Don & Steve, 2010). Fortunately, GM...

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