Comparing Juan Preciado And Father Renteria In Pedro Paramo

1051 words - 4 pages

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Influence of Characters on a Story

In every influential novel, there are definite characters that apply certain aspects to the narrative to show importance of key aspects of the story. In Juan Rulfo’s Pedro Paramo, the case is no different in that specific characters carry an importance to the entire aspect of the story. The characters in the novel that have great importance are Juan Preciado and Father Renteria. These two characters symbolize greater things that cannot just be plainly noticed. Juan Preciado is majorly important for the fact of that he is the first character introduced in the novel and he is the character that at first doesn’t realize he is dead. Also, Juan Preciado is like that of the reader in that he is in no place to identify his position in his life or in the readers case, the story. Father Renteria is a character that the people of Comala look to for wisdom and forgiveness because he is the God like figure in the novel Pedro Paramo.
The character Juan Preciado is the first character the reader comes upon while reading the novel. Juan Preciado is the son of Pedro Paramo and has just come to the land of the dead otherwise known as Comala in the novel Pedro Paramo. “I came to Comala because I had been told that my father, a man named Pedro Paramo, lived there” (3). Juan Rulfo uses Juan Preciado in the same way the reader is unfamiliar with the text of the narrative. Juan Preciado’s relationship to Comala is the same to the readers’ relationship to the text for the reason being that the story is a journey in which both reader and character are constantly off balance. Juan Preciado and the reader don’t understand in the beginning that Comala is a town filled with dead souls but eventually, clues arise that lead to the conclusion that everyone is just spirits in Comala. “…she disappeared as if she never existed” (8). This was narrated by Juan Preciado which gives a clue to the reader and Juan Preciado that Comala is inhabited by spirits. Juan is also important in that he Pedro Paramo’s son. Pedro Paramo is the malicious land owner of all of the Media Luna who everyone has to respect or they may pay with their life and he is also “living bile” (6). Juan Preciado’s importance to the novel is also modeled in his symbolism of being like the new life to Comala as stated here, “They’ll be happy to see someone after all the years no one’s come this way” (5). This shows how there hasn’t been any newcomers to the town of Comala in some large amount of time and that when one does come, the people of Comala are quite happy to greet them. Abundio also states that “whoever you are, they’ll be glad to see you” (5). The reader of the narrative can tell that Juan Preciado is used for very significant parts of the story because he is unlike other characters is very unaware of what he is entering and Juan Preciado, much like the reader of this novel, is...

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