Comparing Nietzsche And Schopenhauer's Attitudes Towards Life

3248 words - 13 pages

Comparing Nietzsche and Schopenhauer's Attitudes Towards Life

ABSTRACT: On the basis of his metaphysics, Schopenhauer was led to advocate quietism and resignation as attitudes toward life. In the course of his career, Nietzsche reversed his estimation of Schopenhauer from initial agreement to final excoriation. In what follows, I examine and assess the grounds on which Nietzsche revised his opinion of Schopenhauer as educator of humanity. I argue that three fundamental issues divide Nietzsche and Schopenhauer. The first concerns the eliminability of human suffering. The second regards the value of sympathy to those who feel rather than are recipients of this sentiment. The third is the value of cultivating indifference to the suffering of others. Schopenhauer considers suffering as inextricably bound up with human existence, whereas Nietzsche views suffering as a sign of weakness that is ultimately eliminable from human existence. Schopenhauer assumed that sympathy and compassion have a benign effect upon those who experience these emotions; Nietzsche maintains they have the opposite effect. Contra Nietzsche, Schopenhauer deplores the cultivation of indifference towards the suffering of others. I defend Schopenhauer against Nietzsche on all three issues, though I argue that Schopenhauer exaggerates the ubiquity of human suffering and hence the need and desirability of the cultivation of self-denial.

1. Nietzsche's Revaluation of Schopenhauer

On the basis of his metaphysics, Schopenhauer was led to advocate quietism and resignation as an attitude to life. As is well known, Nietzsche held Schopenhauer's views on this and other matters in far higher esteem at the start of his intellectual career than he did at its end. To illustrate, consider two brief quotations, one from either end of his career. The first is from the early text, Schopenhauer as Educator.

I judge a philosopher by whether he is able to serve as an example....[Schopenhauer's] greatness is the fact that he faces the picture of life as a whole in order to interpret it as a whole.... Schopenhauer's philosophy should be interpreted ... by the individual ... in order to gain insight into his own misery, needs and limitations and to know the antidotes and consolations; namely, sacrifice of the ego, submission to the noblest intentions, and above all, justice and mercy. He teaches us how to distinguish between real and apparent advancements of human happiness, how neither becoming rich, nor being respected, nor being learned can raise the individual above his disgust as the valuelessness of his existence, and how the struggle for all these good things is given meaning only by a high and transfiguring goal: to win power in order to come to the help of nature, and to correct her foolishness and clumsiness a little — at first, admittedly, solely for oneself, but eventually for everybody.... This is a struggle which in its deepest and innermost nature leads to resignation. (1)

Find Another Essay On Comparing Nietzsche and Schopenhauer's Attitudes Towards Life

Attitudes Towards Marriage Presented in Pride and Prejudice

2210 words - 9 pages selfish disdain for the feeling of others mean that he is the "last man in the world I could ever marry". This is particularly ironic as when Elizabeth learns the truth about Mr Darcy and Wickham, her attitudes towards Darcy change to the opposite, and towards the end of the novel Elizabeth finds herself wishing that he would readdress his proposals of marriage to her, as she has fallen in love with him. The relationship between Mr and Mrs

Young childrens attitudes towards cross-gender play and toys

1627 words - 7 pages Young children's attitudes toward cross-gender typed toys were measured in this experiment. Due to the fact that, children are receptive to societal pressures at a young age, two experiments were conducted to test whether or not gender specific toys influenced both boys and girls.. In the first experiment conducted, children received task related gender typed information, task unrelated information, or no gender information at all. In the second

Students' Attitudes Towards Mobile Learning and Mobile Device Usage in the U.S. and Israel Universities

900 words - 4 pages (Hwang & Chang, 2011). The use of mobile devices also have enhanced authentic learning and personalized instruction (Ju-Ling, Chien-Wen, & Gwo-Jen, 2010; Sha, Looi, Chen, & Zhang, 2012; Song, Wong, & Looi, 2012). According to a recent survey (Nagel, 2013), one-third of students in 4-12 grades in the U.S. own tablets and over 40% own smartphones. Most students responded to the survey also had positive attitudes towards mobile learning, and 67

The Relationship Between Attitudes Towards Academic Dishonesty, Infidelity, and Normalization of Unethical Behavior

905 words - 4 pages unethical behavior is normal. In other words, students who view unethical behavior as normal were more likely to view cheating in the classroom as normal. Findings by Blankenship et al. suggested that academic dishonesty is just another deviant behavior in the life of the student who participates in that behavior. Future research could investigate the relationship between students’ attitudes towards the belief that unethical behavior is normal and

An Investigation into Saudi Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes towards Computer Technology

1706 words - 7 pages towards such technology. Nonetheless, the knowledge factor highly counts when it comes to the attitudes teachers have on computer technology. According to McAlister, Dunn and Quinn (2005), there is need for teachers to acquire extensive IT support and training while placing additional value on teachers as role models. On the other hand, insufficient technological infrastructure and the deficiency of in-service training were vital factors with

Attitudes towards war - "Goodbye" from Blackadder and "The One day of the year" by Alan Seymour

829 words - 3 pages battlefield when their life could have been much more.The attitudes towards people in the modernized world see Anzac Day rather differently. Huyhie feels that Anzac Day isn't worth all the effort as the day is just an excuse for all the old diggers to get together and get drunk. He uses negative tone of voice to prove his points quote "maybe it's the Great Australia Laziness."BlackAddar's Goodbye is about several characters that get notified and to

Assessing Teacher Characteristics and Attitudes Towards the Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in Rural School Districts

1310 words - 6 pages of a national population of rural teachers. Planned Data Analysis Data from the returned surveys will be scored and recorded using a computer spreadsheet program. Data from the Likert rating scale statements will be organized using frequency distribution. Percentages will be calculated and reported using tables. References Avramidis, E., Bayliss, P., & Burden, R. (2000). A survey into mainstream teachers' attitudes towards the

Investigating the Attitudes and Behaviors of Generation Y Towards Environmental Activism in Australia

2070 words - 8 pages interest on how self reported concern about the environment translates into action, and furthermore, the relationship between pro-environmental attitudes as a predictor for appropriate behaviours. Such interest is based on the premise that a person with a self-reported pro-environmental attitude should behave in a manner consistent with this attitude. Interestingly, recent studies indicate towards a potential generational divergence in this respect

Maternal Attitudes Towards Breastfeeding and the Feeding Pattern Among Bolivian Residents

1444 words - 6 pages The cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the mothers attitudes and her family towards breastfeeding and the feeding pattern among Bolivian residents. It was found that neither the attitudes of the mothers, grandmothers or the husbands would influence the infants feeding patterns. The mothers wh0 received antenatal education breastfed their child for longer duration. Health education by the hospital

What attitudes towards the Roman games did the ancient writers express? How would you account for these differences and similarities between these attitudes ?

905 words - 4 pages The attitudes towards the Roman games expressed by the ancient writers varied enormously between different individuals. What follows is a look at some of the attitudes expressed by writers contemporary to the games and how and why these attitudes differ. The games took place in Rome and the wider empire from around 264bce till around 450ce. They could be elaborate and ritualistic involving the death of hundreds of men and animals at any one time

Comparing Attitudes Toward Love in First Love, Shall I Compare Thee, Porphyria's Love and The Flea

1663 words - 7 pages Comparing Attitudes Toward Love in First Love, Shall I Compare Thee, Porphyria's Love and The Flea Love is an uncontrollable emotion experienced by everybody at some time. There are many different types of love, whether it's between mother and child, friends, lovers or a shop-a-holic and her credit card. Many poets have written on the subject of love and

Similar Essays

A Comparison Of Attitudes Towards Life In "The Catcher In The Rye"And "Dead Poet's Society"

1491 words - 6 pages In this world, there are many attitudes towards life that one can possess. This attitude can range from nihilism to ignorant idealism depending on the human being. The works entitled "Dead Poets' Society" and "The Catcher in the Rye" hold a variety of stances on life. However, the novel, "The Catcher in the Rye" mainly paints the mind-set of idealism because it is about an adolescent named Holden Caulfield who is highly idealistic. The novel

The Attitudes Towards Violence And Guns

1653 words - 7 pages ). Youth learn it though family, media and their social environment. Researchers have established that you have been normalized about violence (Slovak, 2007). Children that watch violence in the home are more likely to adopt aggressive behaviors. It is accepted as a normal way of life. Parents Model behaviors and Youth are affected by this. Youths that thought it was okay to own guns came from families that owned guns. Attitudes

Attitudes And Concerns Towards Children's Learning Disabilities

928 words - 4 pages There are many concerns and attitudes that are present when a child has a disability, from the parents, to other children, and even social workers who work with the child. The main focus will be children with learning disabilities and how people view the child and concerns that people have for children with disabilities, also attitudes that arise towards disabled people. There will be a focus on how social worker deal with child disabilities in

Attitudes And Practices Of Rural And Urban Women Towards Breastfeeding

1695 words - 7 pages CHAPTER - V RESULTS This chapter dealt with the findings of the study to compare the knowledge, attitudes and practices of rural and urban woman towards breastfeeding. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data and analysis was done with the help of descriptive statistical method and chi - square test. P value <0.05 was considered as significant. Results were presented under the following headings: Part I: Deals with the