Comparing Opera Seria To Orfeo Ed Euridice By Gluck And The Marriage Of Figaro By Mozart

1631 words - 7 pages

Orfeo ed Euridice by Gluck, was written in 1762 and The Marriage of Figaro by Mozart was written in 1786. It is interesting to analyse the changes and developments from opera seria to these two examples.

During the eighteenth century, composers wrote in a style of opera called opera seria.' Opera seria had the following characteristics:

They used similar plots involving a hero and usually some sort of conflict of human passions, and these operas were often based on a story from an ancient Greek or Latin Author. The opera always consisted of three acts with alternating recitatives and arias. To show the virtuosic skill of the singer, cadenzas were used within arias. The action was created from the dialogue within the recitatives, which were accompanied by continuo and had little musical importance. There were no orchestral pieces, except for the overture and the accompaniments of the singer. It was also very common in the early part of the eighteenth century to write arias in da capo form which was a type of ternary form (ABA) which consisted of the last A section being ornamented.

Opera Reform began with the rise of the expressive style, and at the same time, there were signs of growing influence of middle-class ideas on the aristocratic standards of the early 18th century. The needs of opera were directed towards making a more natural design that had more flexibility within the structure. The content also needed to be deeper and more expressive, less laden with coloratura and more varied. Although the da capo aria was not abandoned, it was expanded and modified with more added forms. The recitatives and arias became more flexible and needed to carry on the action quickly, but realistically. The recitatives had more accompaniments with the orchestra adding more harmonic depth. Choruses became more prominent after a period of being out of fashion. There were also stricter demands of the solo singers. The two mid eighteenth century composers, Jomelli and Traetta played a big part in the reform of Italian opera in the late 18th century by influencing the French towards opera of a more international flavour.

Born in Bohemia, Gluck built a more international style of opera. He was strongly affected by the movement of the reform in the 1750s. He became court composer to the Emperor at Vienna after visits to London and studying under Samartini in Italy. After a collaboration with a poet named Raniero Calzabigi, Gluck composed two of his famous operas, `Orfeo ed Euridice' in 1762 and `Alceste' in 1767. Gluck's aims were to remove the unpopular characteristics of opera seria, as shown by his famous quote:

"To confine music to its proper function of serving the poetry for the expression and the situations of the plot"

He removed the overuse of da capo aria or the showing off desire of the singer; he also broke down the contrast of the recitative and aria and gave his opera more dramatic relevance than had been the case in opera...

Find Another Essay On Comparing Opera Seria to Orfeo Ed Euridice by Gluck and the Marriage of Figaro by Mozart

Comparing the Subject of Courage In To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee and The Colour Purple by Alice Walker

1315 words - 5 pages An Essay Comparing The Subject Of Courage In To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee and The Colour Purple by Alice Walker The dictionary states that "Courage" is bravery/boldness or to nerve oneself to a venture. This idea is shown in both The Colour Purple and To Kill A Mockingbird in similar and in different ways. The Colour Purple involves courage to stand up against certain people, rather than morals and ideas, which is the main

The Life Of Mozart Essay

1027 words - 4 pages complete works were the masonic Singspiel, Die Zauberflote (1791, The Magic Flute); an opera seria, La clemenze di Tito (1791, The mercy of Tito), and a clarinet concerto for Leopold's coronation. Commissioned by an unknown stranger to compose the Requiem Mass, Mozart became obsessed with the idea that it was for his own death, and he died before the work was finished after a three-week fever. No convincing evidence about the cause of death has come

The keyboard sonatas of Haydn and Mozart

1050 words - 4 pages . It was composed for solo piano. The three movements include Allegro con spirito, Andante un poco Adagio , and Rondo: Allegretto grazioso. The opening theme of the first movement uses a symmetrical paragraph of fourteen bars with seven measures each. It is followed by a pair of 3-bar balancing phrases. The slow movement also adapted the well balanced phrase structure at its exposition. This particular style was never unusual to musicians during

Getting to Yes: Negotiation Agreement without Giving In. (2nd Ed) Written by Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton.

1283 words - 5 pages : People, Interests, Options, and Criteria. In addition, they describe three common obstacles to negotiation - when the other party is more powerful, what if they won't play, and when the other party uses dirty tricks - and discuss ways to overcome those obstacles. They also emphasize that all four negotiation principles should be used throughout all three phases of the negotiation process: analysis, planning, and discussion.Separating People and

Comparing Story Openings of Bleak House by Charles Dickens to The Outsider by Albert Camus

945 words - 4 pages slightly disturbed by his descriptions of the events taken place and puts us in the position of psychologist, eager to hear what comes next, but wary of it also. In ?Bleak House? the short, improper sentences create a very descriptive picture of a cold, dark city, the blunt words mimicking the blunt feelings and people in the city. This is very effective as he uses the same words over again to emphasize the point. The most obvious to us is the word

Phantom of the Opera

498 words - 2 pages Phantom of the Opera      In the novel, Phantom of the Opera, by Gaston Leroux, we are introduced to a character known to everyone as the mysterious Opera Ghost. His character in this book is very complex. Although the Opera Ghost is very ugly physically and mentally, through his actions, we can find much beauty.      During the masked ball we are given, what the reader believes at

Comparing and Contrasting "The Rain of Gold" by Victor Villasenor and "The Odyssey" by Homer

3979 words - 16 pages Comparison Essay - Rain of Gold and The OdysseyAuthors tend to share similar approaches to the style in which they write and the techniques they use. Whether because of comparable characters or because of similar events that take place in two stories, stories often seem to follow similar trails and portray related stories. The Odyssey by Homer and Rain of Gold by Victor Villaseñor are two such stories that follow comparable trails

The developement of Opera throughout the years.

1492 words - 6 pages that aim with Orfeo ed Euridice (1762) and Alceste (1767).The unity of drama and music was continued by Mozart, through his explorations of and expansions on the comic styles. His music manages to present characters familiar to every age, with all the virtues and foibles of the human race. Goethe compared him with Shakespeare. His major librettist was Lorenzo da Ponte (1749-1838), who produced texts for three of Mozart's greatest works: Le Nozze

Privacy and Marriage in To Room Nineteen, by Doris Lessing

1650 words - 7 pages alone time for awhile, however, her privacy was, yet again, invaded. Susan’s last arrangement, where she would escape it all and have everlasting freedom was death, hence she committed suicide. Furthermore, In “Self identity in Marriage and Widowhood’’, Helena Znaniecki Lopota, examines some of the practice by which women re-define their identities in marriage. According to Berger and Kellner (1970), entrance into such an intense relation as

An essay comparing "The Poison Tree" by William Blake to "The Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister" by Robert Browning: How the poets write about bitterness and hatred.

1379 words - 6 pages Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister the speaker's hatred takes the form of envy. The speaker envies Brother Lawrence who is supposed to be a fellow monk of his and cannot express his bitterness and hatred through physical actions because he would be defying the law of God. His anger towards Brother Lawrence is converted into frustration as he feels Brother Lawrence is almost perfect - he tries to hide his jealousy by mocking Brother Lawrence: "What's the

Evolution of Opera: Greek Drama to Baroque Opera

1034 words - 4 pages (Grout 1). Grout explains that there are two types of opera. The first type is when the main emphasis is on the music (Grout 6). Examples of this type of opera can be seen in the works of Lully and Wagner (Grout 7). The second type of opera is characterized by the music and other factors being of equal importance (Grout 6). Mozart, Bellini, and Rossini composed operas that belong to this second type of opera (Grout 7). The origins of seventeenth

Similar Essays

The Marriage Of Figaro Review Of A Theater Play

1544 words - 6 pages desk.This might seem a bit confusing until you get actually seated and start watching the play. Afterwards, the actors do such a wonderful job at defining the play space as one location or another that the lighting effects, also used by the director towards this issue, are only appreciated as bonus.Although The Marriage of Figaro can be watched independently, to fully understand some of the characters relations, some knowledge of Beaumarchais? earlier

Opera Of Power: Recitatif By Toni Morrison

1672 words - 7 pages incident typifies their attitude towards their past. Unlike future interactions, this episode on the surface is seemingly unrelated to race; however, each subsequent meeting between Twyla and Roberta is characterized by race and economic status. Roberta and Twyla meet a total of five times with each presenting a conflict. The first meeting, when Maggie falls, introduces the distinction in the orchard’s hierarchy. The second meeting, where

The History And Influence Of Mozart

714 words - 3 pages by Beaumarchais, "Le marriage de Figaro. This play was initially banned in Vienna, due to the mockery of the upper-class; however, the opera piece was regarded as a "cornerstone of the standard operatic repertoire". (http://www.wikipedia.org/)This opera was the first of many, collaborations between Mozart and da Ponte. Mozart brought the copy of Beaumarchais's play to da Ponte, who then translated it and turned it into a libretto. In order to

Comparing The Lady With The Dog, And Sleepy, By Anton Chekhov, To The Beggarwoman Of Locarno, By Heinrich Von Kleist

2595 words - 10 pages characters after the story ends. This paper will discuss this concept by comparing and contrasting Chekhov’s “The Lady With the Little Dog” and “Sleepy” to “The Beggarwoman of Locarno” by Heinrich Von Kleist, a short story with a more traditional standard structure. In the short story, The Lady With The Little Dog, we are introduced to Anna and Gurov, a couple intertwined in a romantic issue. Their love for each other brings them together