Comparing Service Providers ISP vs ASP
In today's society, technology is the wave of the future. With the invention of the Internet, the world seems to get smaller and smaller, minute-by-minute. When using the Internet, one must have a service provider to access any information that is out there on the information superhighway. The two service providers I will be explaining in this report are Internet Service Providers (better known as ISPs and Application Service Providers (better known as ASPs). There is a big difference between Internet Service Providers and Application Service Providers. An internet service provider (ISP) is a company that provides individuals and other companies access to the Internet and other related services such as Web site building and virtual hosting. An application service provider (ASP) is a company that offers individuals or enterprises access over the Internet to applications and related services that would otherwise have to be located in their own personal or enterprise computers. In this report I will talk about the vast differences in these two service providers including their history, their current uses, and their future directions.
The most common way to access the Internet from home is with a modem and a phone call to an Internet Service Provider (ISP). Your computer connects via modem to the ISP, which in turn is connected to the Internet with a high-speed link. An ISP has the equipment and the telecommunication line access required to have pop on the Internet for the geographic area served. The larger ISPs have their own high-speed leased lines so that they are less dependent on the telecommunication providers and can provide better service to their customers. Among the largest national and regional ISPs are AT&T WorldNet, IBM Global Network, MCI, Netcom, UUNet, and PSINet. ISPs also include regional providers such as New England's NEARNet and the San Francisco Bay area BARNet. They also include thousands of local providers. In addition, Internet users can also get access through online service providers (OSP) such as America Online and Compuserve. The larger ISPs interconnect with each other through MAE (ISP switching centers run by MCI WorldCom) or similar centers. The arrangements they make to exchange traffic are known as peering agreements. There are several very comprehensive lists of ISPs worldwide available on the Web.
Two men named Spike Ilacqua Barry Shein in 1989 invented the first ISP. Barry Shein came up with the idea and Spike Ilacqua made the idea work. In 1989 Barry started a small UNIX consulting company call Software Tool & Die. In late 1992 Barry told his idea to the National Science Foundation. The NSF allowed companies to sell dialup access to the Internet. On August 13, 1992, the two men ran the very first official ISP.
The most important issue when it comes to choosing an ISP is to find one with a local phone number for a person to dial. Otherwise the phone tolls...