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Comparing Similarities And Differences Between Medieval Europe, China And Islamic Countries

1551 words - 7 pages

Relationships between the individual and society vary between cultures, religions and ethnicities. Nevertheless, throughout history, how the individual is seen in society varies accordingly. In Medieval Europe, China and Islamic countries, religious beliefs and different philosophies greatly contributed and effected how individuals in a community acted and interacted with their society and other countries. Different lifestyles and common norms contributed to the differences in relationships because how the community interacted with each other influenced the way society acted in general. In some societies individualism was stressed where as in others the importance of community was ...view middle of the document...

As the Roman Empire crumbled, emperors granted land to nobles in exchange for their loyalty and these lands ultimately developed into manors. A manor is the land owned by a noble and everything resting on it; for example, a representation would have been a castle, small village, and farmland. During the Middle Ages, peasants could no longer count on the Roman army to protect them. German, Viking and Magyar tribes overran homes and farms throughout Europe. The peasants turned to their landowners, to protect them. Many peasants remained free, but most became serfs and a serf was bound to the land. Life for a serf was not much better than the life of a slave. The only difference was that a serf could not be sold to another manor. Generally, the ideal roles of each person in society were outlined and it was the individual's duty to fulfill these obligations accordingly. As a result, these ideas contributed to the way society acted because their beliefs and ways of thinking were based on these various factors. Maintaining order and loyalty as well as respecting others in the community generally conveyed the lifestyle and relationships the individual had within their society. These ideas shaped society because in medieval times the role of the individual had to have been fulfilled in order for everything to work out. It was important that the individual was regarded highly in society, because in turn, this represented how the individual was at home.The relationship between the individual and society in Islamic cultures varies significantly when compared to others. It is greatly rooted in the Muslim religion and the lifestyles of individuals act accordingly. In the Islamic culture, God, or Allah, is the absolute and the sole master of men and the universe, and He has given each man human dignity and honor, and breathed into him of His own spirit, it follows that men are essentially the same. (Mayor 189). Taking this into consideration, all human beings are equal and form one universal community that is united and obedient to God. This universal brotherhood ensures that each member of society is equally treated and ensures that their obligations and devotions to God are fulfilled. Like Medieval Europe, the idea of the importance of the society was significantly emphasized.In Islam, God, grants human rights and therefore they can never be taken away or changed, for any reason. As a result, these concepts are part of the way Islamic individuals are portrayed in society. Every Muslim is required to accept them and recognize the people's right to have them enforced and obeyed. Islam allows complete freedom of thought and expression, provided that it does not involve spreading anything that is harmful to individuals and the society at large. The value of the community and society as a whole is greatly emphasized in Islamic traditions, as the common wealth of the society is important. This in turn reflects on society, because in Islamic culture, it is...

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