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Comparing Slavery Of The South And North

1785 words - 8 pages

Initiation of slavery in America………………………………………………………2
Preferences of African (black) slaves…………………………………………………3
Similarities between the states towards slavery…………………………………….....3
Northern states position………………………………………………………..4
Southern states position………………………………………………………...5

Comparing Slavery of the South and North
The Americas (north and south) was referred to as the new world since they had recently been discovered by the Europeans. The Spanish, Portuguese and the Dutch resolutely ...view middle of the document...

Initially, it is the Native Americans who were forced to work in the plantations and mining fields but they were highly susceptible to diseases and overwork with many of them dying quickly. The natives also used to gang with allies and successfully rebel against their captors. To ensure operations in the farms continued, plantation owners sought the services of Spanish, Asian and Black Christian slaves but these were insufficient to meet demand. They had to look for sources that assured constant supply of labor and Africa was the perfect market.
Preference of African (Black) Slaves
African slaves had many advantages. First, they were immune to many diseases that easily killed natives and slaves from other parts of the world. Secondly, it was easier to exploit the Africans since they had no friends or families in the Americas to begin a revolt or offer places to escape enslavement. Furthermore, the Africans offered a permanent source of cheap labor. In addition, the Africans had vast knowledge about farming having worked in farms in their native lands. By the 1700s, slavery was widely practiced in the Americas.
Similarity of South and North towards Slavery
Agricultural production in the United States depended on slaves. They were made to toil and moil in farms for long hours with overseers employed to watch over and direct the work of slaves. Slaves who were unable to execute their full share of work were whipped by the overseers. There were a few plantations owners who felt responsible for the welfare of their works and treated their slaves with respect. However, many planters were tyrants holding complete authority over everybody in their households. They frequently used violence against slaves to enforce their will. The slaves also lived in deplorable conditions (small poorly ventilated cabins) and given a little food for life sustenance. Actually, many grew their own food to supplement the meager rations from their masters.
The United States was composed of the north and south states that had both similar and differing attitudes towards slavery and slaves especially in the 1800s. Even though in the same country, the northern and southern states had varying approaches to many issues including culture and economic development. The variances led to the development of two discrete and totally dissimilar regions of the same country. Slavery in the north and south were comparable in that slaves (majority of them were blacks) were treated as less humans and they were not allowed to enjoy the same rights and freedoms as the white people. They were not allowed to vote and during census, they were not counted as whole persons but as a fraction of a white person.
Differences between the States towards Slavery
Northern States Position:
However, their view of slavery started to diverge beginning in 1800. The ecological environment in the north did not support agriculture. The soils were less fertile, the farms were relatively small and the climate...

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