Comparing Strict And Broad Constructionism Essay

929 words - 4 pages

Comparing Strict and Broad Constructionism

It was 1800, when vice president Jefferson succeeded Adams in the role of president. Jefferson stressed republican virtues of independence and equality and his belief in a frugal government. With his inauguration, the transfer of power to the Republican from the Federalists intensified a political conflict between the two political parties. Even though Jefferson stated in his inaugural address that "we are all Republicans, we are all Federalists," the Federalists and Republicans continued to doubt each other, especially on the issue of the Constitution.

With Jefferson leading the way, Republicans took on the position of a strict interpretation of the Constitution, which did not allow the federal government to take any action that was not specifically addressed by the Constitution. The Federalists, however, advocated by the ideas of Hamilton, remained steadfast to the approach of broad interpretation, which permitted the government to do anything, not expressly prohibited by the Constitution. However, both parties were quick to stray to their political ideologies. Republicans and Federalists adhered to their bureaucratic philosophies in political addresses and speeches, yet both parties varied with cause, straying from their own civic principles.

In various political addresses, Jefferson was seen as inseparable with strict interpretation and a contender for state rights. He tried to affirm the belief that domestic policies should be decided by the states and fears that the Federalists will change the Constitution (docum. A). By the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, Jefferson and Madison asserted that states were the foundation of the nation and therefore had supreme power. The federal government had no right to exercise powers not delegated to it by the Constitution. Jefferson also remained unwavering to strict construction by declaring that the states had the power to determine the matters of religion and not the federal government (docum.B) Madison asserted his contribution to Republicans by vetoing the Internal Improvements Bill, a proposal that would allow Congress to make changes in the Constitution (docum. H)
On the other hand, Jefferson seemed to favor loose construction and believer of a strong federal government on notable occasions. The Louisiana Purchase was one of the circumstances, where Jefferson was on the side of the Federalist's loose construction. On April 30, Monroe and Livingston signed the Louisiana Purchase with France, acquiring 827,000 square miles of land for 15 million dollars. However, the Constitution did not authorize the president to acquire new territory and incorporate it into the nation. Jefferson proposed a constitutional amendment to allow the purchase, stating that he was exercising the president's implied powers to protect the nation. Furthermore was the embargo act, which was intended to prevent confrontation between American...

Find Another Essay On Comparing Strict and Broad Constructionism

Jeffersonian Republicans Essay

723 words - 3 pages Jeffersonian Republicans With respect to the federal constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. To what extent was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison. Before 1801, the Jeffersonian Republicans were usually strict constructionists of the constitution

AP United States History Free Response

777 words - 3 pages versus Maryland in 1819 and Marshall's decision now calls for a broad interpretation of federal powers.The federal government, under both Jefferson and Madison, fluctuated between strict and loose constructionism. There really is no true characterization of the parties if you really look at the years between 1801 and 1817. Both presidents claimed what their ideals were yet neither seemed to follow through. Of course when running a country nothing can be set in stone since you do not know what it going to happen the next day. They had to be prepared for changes and they needed to be flexible with their views in order to keep our country running properly.

Madison And Jefferson's Federalist Ideas

944 words - 4 pages From 1801-1817 there was a clear separation of the United States. The Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties were in strong opposition of one another. Though the Republicans were usually characterized as strict constructionists, who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists, both Jefferson and Madison's presidencies highlighted Federalist ideals in many of their decisions. This included Jefferson's unconstitutional

Interpreting the United States Constitution in Favor of the Growth of a Changing Society

2181 words - 9 pages Long before four score and seven years ago, our Founding Fathers debated the true powers given to government by the United States Constitution. The two contrasting legal philosophies of Constitutional interpretation, strict and loose constructionism, have both been supported by some of the greatest political philosophers to impact the growth of our nation. Strict constructionism of the Constitution focuses only on the direct meaning of its

The Constitution "Understood"

686 words - 3 pages The Jeffersonian-Republicans are characterized by their strict interpretation of the constitution, in stark contrast with the Federalists loose or broad interpretation. The Federalists believed that anything the constitution did not forbid it permitted, contrary to the Jeffersonian view that anything it did not permit it forbade. The Federalists advocated the “necessary” and “proper” clause, and their faith rested heavily in the virtue of

1998 DBQ

821 words - 3 pages loose interpretation leads to change, and in this case, that will create a strong national government that resembles a monarchy and doesn't adhere to the rights of states as guaranteed by the Constitution. In another letter, this time to Samuel Miller (document B) during his last year holding office, Jefferson reinforces the image of strict constructionism by stating that he intends to break the precedent established by his predecessors to better


2028 words - 8 pages strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. [To what extent]* was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison?*not as great ax ablxb hoped.ArmyTariffIn writing your answer, use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1801-1817.Document A Source: (Thomas Jefferson) to Gideon Granger, a future member of Jefferson's cabinet, 13 August 1800 I

AP US History essay. Document Based Question Essay #4

1148 words - 5 pages With respect to the federal Constitution, the Democratic-Republicans were usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. As history dictates, this is substantially accurate. In the time frame of 1801-1817, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, the Republican presidents of the time, demonstrated the differences of the Republican Party in several aspects involving the interpretation

Social Construction of Child and Childhood

1406 words - 6 pages Social construction of child and childhood To start with an overview of social constructionism in very general terms leads to build understandings of child and childhood in a social world more explicitly. Notion of social construction is defined in diverse disciplines and instead of generating a description there are a number of thoughts. “It is sometimes called a movement, at other times a position, a theory, a theoretical orientation, an

This essay is on Strict vs. Loose construction during the presidencies of Madison and Jefferson

1167 words - 5 pages the law." In 1800, Jefferson, along with Madison, wrote the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions to campaign against John Adams after the Alien and Sedition acts were passed. The Kentucky and Virginia resolutions proved Jefferson's strict-constructionism by combating the Federalist theory of a government's "implied powers" and they were written to stop the expansion of power of the government after they had passed two unconstitutional laws. In

Republicans and Federalists

984 words - 4 pages constructionist views of the Constitution.Both parties, while adhering to their basic principles, reversed their policies during certain certain situations as seen fit by the leaders. In 1803, Jefferson went against his strict constructionism by purchasing the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, a power not given to the president in the Constitution. Jefferson later justified his actions by stating that, "...manners and opinions

Similar Essays

Jeffersonian Republicans Are Usually Characterized As Strict Constructionists Who Were Opposed To The Broad Constructionism Of The Federalists. Assess The Validity

643 words - 3 pages was not firm in his beliefs either. (Document H)The Federalist and the Democratic-Republicans seemed to change their views as staying in power dictated them to do so. Neither party was so "firm" in their beliefs, therefore, it is impossible to state the either party as a whole favored strict or broad constitutionalism. Therefore, this common stereotype must be extinguished, for this portrayal of Madison and Jefferson is untrue.

Loose And Strict Constructionism Essay

575 words - 2 pages exercise powers not specifically delegated to it under the terms of the compact; should the federal government assume such powers, its acts under them would be illegal and therefore void.In Jefferson's letter to Granger, he shows a major belief in strict constructionism. He acknowledges the fact that one central government is too small for such a large country. He supports the idea that the states should be independent, but obeying the constitution

Loose Construction Essay

896 words - 4 pages Constructionism." Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 21 Feb. 2014. . Troy, Michael. "U.S. History/Strict vs. Loose Construction." U.S. History: Strict vs. Loose Construction, strict constructionists, us air force. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2014. . Williams, Frank J. . "Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties in Wartime." The Heritage Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Feb. 2014. .

Comparitive Analyis: Jefferson Versus Hamilton Essay

858 words - 3 pages enticing aspects, Hamilton’s views were much more reasonable and fruitful when compared Jefferson’s views; idealistic and too strict in reference to the constitution. Republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, strongly opposed America becoming a land of cities, mines, mills, factories, and other industrial plantations. To support their ideas for a country of farmers, they adopted the theory of strict constructionism. This