Comparing Tension And Conflict In Things Fall Apart And Clear Light Of Day

1049 words - 4 pages

Tension and Conflict in Things Fall Apart and Clear Light of Day

    How does the tension between traditional and modern views of the

world play itself out in Achebe's "Things Fall Apart", and Desai's

"Clear Light of Day"?


        In both Achebe's and Desai's novels, tension and conflict between

the new and the old, traditional and modern are the strong undercurrents

that move the story and the reader into an unconscious emotional uneasiness.

  In both novels, the backdrop and the story are engrossed in a struggle

between two worlds, the new and the old fighting out its battles in the

characters portrayed within.   Achebe makes his stand in eastern Nigeria

while Desai illustrates her point in Old Delhi.


        In the first part of "Things Fall Apart", Achebe, portrays a

traditional African culture, but one on the verge of change.   Early in the

novel you can see change is already taking place.  " the past a man who

broke the peace was dragged on the ground throughout the village until he

died.  But after a while this custom was stopped because it spoiled the

peace which it was meant to preserve."    But traditions continued on,

including ritual killing and banishment of one of the village leaders.  But

then things begin to change more rapidly with the coming of the

missionaries.  When they gave them the "evil forest" to build their

churches on there was no turning back.  Many of the abused and outcast were

converted when they saw that these new people prospered in the evil lands.

The people started to revolt against their traditional gods.  "Three

converts had gone into the village and boasted openly that all the gods

were dead and impotent"   They were beaten severely.  With the coming of

governmen t the Christians gained power and shook the faith of the old ways.

  I believe the book pivots on this statement:


"Does the white man understand our custom about land?  How can he when he

does not even speak our tongue?  But he says that our customs are bad.  How

do you think we can fight when our own bothers have turned against us?  The

white man is very clever.  He came quietly and peaceable with his religion.

We were amused at his foolishness and allowed him to stay.   Now he has won

our brothers, and our clan can no longer act like one.  He has put a knife

on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart."


        It is interesting how the whole process came about.  The missionary

"Mr. Brown" came in with his soft approach and gained the respect of the

clan.   Then came along "Mr. Smith"  The missionary with the black and

white, hard handed approach.  It was this iron fist that was the last straw

for this clan.  Okonkwo, the respected leader couldn't take any more.

After helping burn down the church and killing a messenger...

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