Mesopotamian civilizations set the standard for urbanized civilization. In these civilization’s cultures, the men would go out and work while the women’s job was to raise kids and take care of the house. Some of the men’s jobs would include hunting, fishing, raising livestock, and farming. For the Mesopotamians, the environment was unpredictable. They lived in a region near the Mediterranean Sea in an area known today as Iraq. Their economy consisted of mostly farming due to the fertile land given by the two rivers they lived between.
For the Egyptians, they lived near the Nile river. This allowed them to adjust to the fact that the Nile river floods up every year and they used this to their advantage by growing new crops with the new fertile soil. Egyptian commoners had much of the same jobs as the Mesopotamian people but in Egyptian society many men were laborers who worked in some sort of form of construction. The Egyptians, like the Mesopotamians, relied on farming for most of their economy because of the fertile land.
Politically speaking, the Egyptians and Mesopotamians both had kings that ruled, but in Mesopotamian civilization kings only governed a small area and there were many kings. The Egyptian’s Kings on the other hand had a lot more power and had the economic power to control a lot more people than the kings of Mesopotamia. Kings of the Egyptians also had officials that worked for the king and below them pretty much every one else was a common civilian.
In the third century B.C.E, Alexander began a conquering spree starting around the Mediterranean Sea and ending around the Indus River 2000 miles away. This far east expansion opened the door for Greeks in a very positive way, especially after Alexander defeated the Persians who were holding the Greeks back from expanding eastward.
Although a lot of Greek blood was shed, the new eastern cities conquered by Alexander’s army were prosperous due to acquiring riches from conquered Empires such as the Persians. The...