Comparing The Military Leaders Of The Civil War

1565 words - 6 pages

When we compare the military leaders of both North and South during the Civil War, it is not hard to see what the differences are. One of the first things that stand out is the numerous number of Northern generals that led the “Army of the Potomac.” Whereas the Confederate generals, at least in the “Army of Northern Virginia” were much more stable in their position. Personalities, ambitions and emotions also played a big part in effective they were in the field, as well as their interactions with other officers.

Each general that was appointed commander of the army in the east had his own plans when it came to defeating the Confederates. Beginning with McDowell, the first general to command a large army in the war, the task seemed insurmountable at first. He had an army of 30,000 men, most of whom were extremely green. Despite Lincoln’s desire that he attack immediately, McDowell knew that he wasn’t ready, and initially had no plans to move against the Confederates during that first summer of the war. Lincoln insisted that he attack at Manassas with the resulting disastrous outcome. Perhaps had McDowell came along later in the war, it might have turned out differently, but that wasn’t a likely outcome.

McDowell’s opponent at Manassas was General Beauregard, commanding the 22,000 troops facing McDowell, while at the same time General Joseph Johnston commanded the Army of the Shenandoah with some 10,000 troops. When Beauregard determined that the Union forces were on the way toward Manassas, he asked for help, at which time the Confederate Government sent Johnston east via the “Manassas Gap Railroad,” to act as reinforcements for Beauregard. Their arrival at Manassas at a critical time turned the tide in favor of the South, and forced the Union forces to retreat back toward Washington.

Neither McDowell nor Beauregard had any long term strategic plans, although Lincoln had hoped that once his army broke through the Confederate lines that they could march on Richmond. On the other hand had the Confederates been able to press their advantage after the Union lines broke, they might have made things difficult for Washington. Later in the war, with more experience they certainly would not have passed up that sort of opportunity, but as it was they were quite happy with the victory they had won.

After the loss at Manassas, Lincoln looked for another leader to replace McDowell, and some consideration settled on General McClellan. McClellan was at his best when he was organizing armies, not leading them into battle. Lincoln wanted the army to take over eastern Tennessee for political reasons, and McClellan for fairly sound military reasons wanted the same thing. The task was given to General Buell; it did not matter to McClellan that the area was impossible to take from the north, not to mention holding it. The area was too far away from the supplies that Buell would have needed, and logistically completely impossible to supply. Buell...

Find Another Essay On Comparing the Military Leaders of the Civil War

Comparing the Treatment of Prisoners of War in the Andersonville and the Rock Island Prison Camp during the Civil War

2215 words - 9 pages , respectively. The conditions of each camp will be examined and compared using factors such as nutrition, living arrangements, habits of camp leaders, and death rates. The main source used in this investigation is Life and Death in Civil War Prisons by J. Michael Martinez. Through interpretation and evaluation of several books, primary sources, and court cases, the treatment of Confederate prisoners and Union prisoners will be compared. B. Summary

Women of the Civil War Essay

1658 words - 7 pages soldier as any man around me, and as willing as any to fight valiantly and to the bitter end before yielding” Velazquez said (Women in Uniform in the Civil War). Loreta Velazquez’s role in the Confederate Army, the Forty’s say that “She fought valiantly, helping to beat off wave after wave of the attackers, in sleet, snow, and high winds of a bitter February (Military Women). Even though Loreta was a woman, she fought as hard as any man did

Generals of the Civil War

1622 words - 6 pages The civil war had many great soldiers fighting for what they thought was right for their country. It also had some of the greatest generals the United States of America has ever seen, sadly, some of these generals were on the losing side, but this fact does not make them any less great. Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson are all evidence of greatness in a time of darkness. Robert E. Lee was born on January 19, 1807

Effects of the Civil War

943 words - 4 pages The Civil War did many things to the United States, good and poor. President Abraham Lincoln says that, the Civil War was "a new birth of freedom." The Civil War was a fight that the South started, by wanting to succeed from the United States. The South wanted to succeed because they thought that they needed slavery, and the United States was close to banning slavery. The North wanted slaves to be free, the South on the other hand wanted slaves

Causes Of The Civil War

763 words - 4 pages Causes Of The Civil War "Let me tell you what is coming. After the sacrifice of countless millions of treasure and hundreds of thousands of lives you may win Southern independence, but I doubt it. The North is determined to preserve this Union. They are not a fiery, impulsive people as you are, for they live in colder climates. But when they begin to move in a given direction, they move with the steady momentum and perseverance of a mighty

Weapons of The Civil War

861 words - 4 pages During the civil war, weapons were not as powerful and widely used as today, but still made their name clear on the battlefield. At the time of the Civil War, (1861–1865) there was a large variety of weapons used on the battlefield. These weapon variations include the following: rifles, pistols, swords, cannons and even early forms of grenades. Considering that weapons were not quite evolved yet, they had a great number of problems and

Causes of the Civil War

1812 words - 8 pages Abraham Lincoln, future president of the United States, may have said it best while accepting the nomination as a candidate for United States Senator in June of 1858: “A house divided against itself can not stand.” It was a prediction that was ultimately to come true. From 1961 to 1965 the United States engaged in four long years of bloodshed, most commonly known as the Civil War, which resulted in the deadliest war in American history to date

Causes of the Civil War

1311 words - 6 pages , Jefferson Davis. Jefferson Davis wanted to secede from the Union peacefully, but the problem of federal property arose. Forts were federal property, but the South would not give them up easily. Since the Harpers Ferry raid, Southern states began to prepare for battle knowing that there was much tension between the North and South. They saw that the North would do anything to get rid of slavery. Also, Lincoln’s stubbornness to bring the Confederate States back into the Union without slavery caused the Confederacy to start taking military outposts, arsenals, and federal mint. Eventually, South Carolina attacked Fort Sumter which directly caused the Civil War.

Causes of the Civil War

625 words - 3 pages Clashes between the North and the South posed threats to the United States in the mid-1800s, and eventually caused the Civil War to break out between the two groups. Several causes led to the temporary secession of the South from the Union, and the beginning of the Confederacy. Of the many reasons for the start of the Civil War, the central motives were slavery, regional differences, and economic strife. One cause of the Civil War was slavery

Causes of the Civil War - 943 words

943 words - 4 pages Cause of the Civil WarWhen it comes to the question of why the Civil War was caused, severaltheoretical answers arise. One common theory is that the Civil War resultedbecause the North and South became two different societies, with different culturalnorms. From my perspective, this is the main fact that sparked the Civil War.One critical difference between the North and South was the view on slavery. While anti-slavery feelings were on the rise

Music of The Civil War

731 words - 3 pages The War Between the States was complex. If you wish to understand the events, you should refer to a textbook. Music of the time, however, helps us delve into people’s thoughts and opinions on the war, slavery, and many other important issues in our country’s history. Prior to the civil war, American music followed its European roots. During the civil war, American music began to develop in its own way, largely influenced by the music of the

Similar Essays

Leaders Of The Civil War Essay

1343 words - 5 pages Each of the military leaders on both sides of the Civil War had their strengths, and weaknesses. In the North Abraham Lincoln had great difficulty in picking a commander that would be aggressive enough, but at the same time that not throw his resources away recklessly. His biggest concern was what became known as the “Army of the Potomac,” which was understandable for several reasons. This army protected Washington, as well as states such as

"Ulysses S. Grant: An Outstanding Military Figure And The Savior Of The Civil War"

1025 words - 4 pages Ulysses S. Grant: An Outstanding Military Figure and the Savior of the Civil WarThough some circles may make Ulysses S. Grant seem to be a drunkard and an anti-Semite, he was not. In reality Grant was an outstanding military figure, especially during the Civil War. One may ask, "how did President Lincoln's choice of Ulysses S. Grant to command the Union army change the outcome of the Civil War?" Though Grant led the Union in many battles that

Leaders Of T He Horrific World War Ii

836 words - 4 pages There were many leaders of the horrific World War II. Over 20 different countries were took part in World War II. Nonetheless but, there were three leaders that stand out from the rest of them: Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd president of the U.S. This is the leader that brought the U.S out of the Great Depression. Joseph Stalin, the most known dictator of Russia, the famous leader of the red army. Adolf Hitler, the dictator of Germany, the

The Life And Times Of War Leaders

1511 words - 6 pages Out of the many great and famous leaders of the world, two important men are universal household names. Winston Churchill, through his bravery and calm during World War II, achieved world renowned honor. President George W. Bush’s poor handling of the Middle Eastern wars and conflicts, however, left a bitter taste in the global community’s mouth. Though British Prime Minister The Right Honourable Sir Winston Churchill and President George W