There were many differences between the North and the South. These differences can be explained through the treatment of African Americans and slaves, factories, farming and agriculture, and how the regions made money. Most things moved slower in the South than in the North. The main reason for that is because slaves were one of the most important things to most Southerners. Many people in the North cared more about industry and expanding.
Industrialization was a big part of the economy in the North. Workers made most goods one item at a time. During the first phase of industrialization employes divided jobs so that each person would specialize in a certain job. In the second phase entrepreneurs built factories to bring specialized workers to work together to make goods all under one roof. During the third and final phase workers used machines to complete tasks. Goods were finished much faster by machine than by hand. They were able to mass produce. Factories made at least two thirds of the country's manufactured goods. Things developed slower in the South. Agriculture, especially the production of cotton, produced great profits. Building new industry meant planters would have to begin selling their slaves. So instead they chose to invest in agriculture and enslaved Africans. The market for manufactured goods was extremely small. Some southerners did not want industry.
Transportation in the North was very different than in the South. In the North, thousands of miles of roads and canals transported goods and people. There were also many Steamboats and Clipper ships that moved quickly through the water. Using these ways of transportation cut a journeys time in half. The Clipper ships were able to move 300 miles per day. Railroads united the North East with the North West. Railroads and canals transformed trade in the North. Most farmers and the few manufacturers in the South relied on waterways to transport goods. Most towns were located on coasts or along rivers. Canals were scarce and the roads were poor. Southern rail lines were short and not linked together. Southern cities grew slower because there were less railroads. The railways were major routes of commerce and settlement. By 1860, only about one-third of the nation’s rail lines were in the South. This rail shortage would soon hurt the South.
The North and the South also had many differences in their Factories. The North was much more advanced with this. The North combined several steps for the making of items under one roof. Machines took over more tasks in the mid-1800s. Because of the machines ability to work quickly, the range of goods manufactured increased. Working conditions worsened as the factories developed further. Employees worked long hours. Working for longer days caused fatigue and more on-the-job accidents. There were also many complications with...