Comparing The Salem Witch Trials, European Witchcraft Craze And The Mc Carthy Hearings

1712 words - 7 pages

Comparing the Salem Witch Trials, European Witchcraft Craze and the McCarthy Hearings

The evidence of witchcraft and related works has been around for many centuries. Gradually, though, a mixture a religious, economical, and political reasons instigated different periods of fear and uncertainty among society. Witchcraft was thought of as a connection to the devil that made the victim do evil and strange deeds. (Sutter par. 1) In the sixteenth, seventeenth, and twentieth century, the hysteria over certain causes resulted in prosecution in the Salem Witch Trials, European Witchcraft Craze, and the McCarthy hearings. These three events all used uncertain and unjustly accusations to attack the accused.

The Salem witch trials in Massachusetts Colony lasted from 1692 to early 1693. Even before the witchcraft trials, Salem Village was not exactly known as a bastion of tranquillity in New England. (Sutter par.2) There was a population of over six hundred that was divided into two main parts; those that wanted to separate from Salem Town and those that did not. They divided themselves into the eastern and western parts of the town. With this tension and an unfortunate combination of economic conditions, congregational strife, teenage boredom, and personal jealousies, (Oliver par. 2) Salem became unstable. When Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams, Reverend Samuel Parris's daughter and niece, started to exhibit strange behavior including convulsive seizures, screaming, and trances, (Oliver par. 2) and the doctor declared that the girls were under the influence of the devil, the townspeople believed him. This could be because there was an Indian War ranging less than seventy miles away, and with many refugees from the war were in that area, that the thought that the devil was close at hand was possible. (Oliver par. 5) From then on, the accusations were everywhere. Neighbors accused neighbors of witchcraft, and the fright was mounting. (Sutter par. 4) The accused were mostly women, and to make them confess, different methods of torture were used. The confessions and trials of the accused witches were nonsense. Often, torture would continue until the victim had no choice but to confess of being a witch, and most of the confessions were forced. Trials and hangings continued and by the early autumn of 1692, doubts were developing as to how so many respectable people could be guilty. The educated elite of the colony began efforts to end the witch-hunting hysteria that had enveloped Salem. Increase Mather then published a work entitled Cases of Conscience, which argues that it were better that ten suspected witches should escape than one innocent person should be condemned. This urged the court to exclude spectral evidence. With spectral evidence not permitted, the remaining trials ended in acquittals and all the convicted and accused witches were let out of jail in May of 1693. By the time the whole witchcraft incident ended, nineteen convicted witches...

Find Another Essay On Comparing the Salem Witch Trials, European Witchcraft Craze and the McCarthy Hearings

The Salem Witch Trials Essay

981 words - 4 pages of the ideals of the United States. The mass hysteria that accompanied the accusations in 1692 had been seen before in Europe, but it was fresh to America. Witchcraft and trials in Europe had preceded the events in the New World by over 300 years. According to Exodus, “Thou shall not tolerate a witch to live.” This gave Pope Gregory IX grounds to impose an inquisition in 1231 to punish heresy, and Pope Innocent declared witchcraft as an act of

The Salem Witch Trials Essay

1329 words - 5 pages culture is unaware of the warning signs, they are all but doomed to repeat the mistakes of the past. The same trail of cause and effect that led so readily and easily to the Salem witch trials is just as likely to lead to an equally devastating event today.   Works Cited Hill, Frances. The Salem Witch Trials Reader. Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo, 2000. Print. Latner, Richard B. "The Salem Witchcraft Site." Salem Witchcraft. Tulane University, n.d

The Salem Witch Trials

1454 words - 6 pages unsolved mysteries and events that occurred during the Salem witch trials, may never be solved. Whether it had been hysteria, suspicion, practicing one’s Puritan beliefs differently than others, or gender issues some may never know the real cause for the outbreak that arose. The Salem Witchcraft trials were a stain on the Puritan hope for building a “city on a hill”. There were many questions that will never be answered about the witchcraft trials

The Salem Witch Trials - 2003 words

2003 words - 8 pages individualism. According to traditional Puritans, any behavior that they consider strange or different from typical Puritan behavior could be the result of witchcraft and the Devil's influence in a person. Salem was vulnerable to this mass hysteria because it had experienced witchcraft on a small scale just a few years before the actual Salem Witch Trials. A laundress by the name of Goody Glover was believed to have afflicted Martha Goodwin with

The Salem Witch Trials - 1357 words

1357 words - 5 pages The Salem Witch Trials The witch trials of the late 1600's were full of controversy and uncertainty. The Puritan town of Salem was home to most of these trials, and became the center of much attention in 1692. More than a hundred innocent people were found guilty of practicing witchcraft during these times, and our American government forced over a dozen to pay with their lives. The main reasons why the witch trials occurred were conflicts

The Salem Witch Trials - 1537 words

1537 words - 7 pages During the seventeenth century Salem, Massachusetts is a seaport town populated mostly by Puritan colonists who came over from England in the seventeenth century. Beliefs of witchcraft came over with the settlers who, if caught practicing, was punishable by death. The Salem Witch Trials were a series of court cases in 1692 revolving around witchcraft where over hundred people were accused, nineteen were hanged, and one was pressed to

The Salem Witch trials

2769 words - 11 pages The Salem witchcraft trials resulted from a climate of repression, religious intolerance, and social hierarchy combined with fanaticism and the oppression of women. The Puritan leaders used the trials as a way to control the community and to prevent change in the strict social hierarchy. The trials ensured that the teachings of the church would be followed anyone not following the church was simply accused of being a witch and punished

The Salem Witch Trials - 1518 words

1518 words - 6 pages basically revolves around the church which influenced how they lived their everyday lives. They had to go to church twice a week, attend long sermons, and avoid dancing which was deemed as a sinful act. There were events that led up to the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Europeans strongly believed in devils practice which gave certain humans the ability to harm others in return for loyalty. The Puritan life in the village of Salem was harsh because

The Salem Witch Trials - 1549 words

1549 words - 6 pages The Salem Witch Trials were a prime part of American history during the early 17th century. During this time, religion was the prime focus and way of life within colonies. This was especially true for the Puritan way of life. Puritans first came to America in hopes of practicing Christianity their own way, to the purest form. The Puritans were fundamentalists who believed every word transcribed in the Bible by God was to be followed exactly for

The Salem Witch Trials

2698 words - 11 pages The Salem Witch Trials The Salem Witchcraft trials in Massachusetts during 1692 resulted in nineteen innocent men and women being hanged, one man pressed to death, and in the deaths of more than seventeen who died in jail. It all began at the end of 1691 when a few girls in the town began to experiment with magic by gathering around a crystal ball to try to find the answer to questions such as "what trade their sweet harts should be of

Compare and Contrast Essay: Salem Witch Trials and The McCarthy Era

646 words - 3 pages Trials are so similar to the McCarthy Era.During the McCarthy Era, communism was one of the great atrocities inlife. Many people feared and hated it, so when people started being accused of being communist, it caused a major hysteria. People all over did not know what to think, and just wanted it to go away; as in the Salem Witch Trials. This could have been the reason so many peolpe were executed. People probably thought that being accused was more

Similar Essays

Comparing The Crucible And Salem Witch Trials

1781 words - 7 pages The purpose of my paper is to compare and contrast Arthur Miller’s The Crucible with the actual witch trials that took place in Salem in the 17th Century. Although many of the characters and events in the play were non-fictional, many details were changed by the playwright to add intrigue to the story. While there isn’t one specific cause or event that led to the Salem witch trials, it was a combination of events and factors that contributed

Arthur Miller's Comparing Of Similarities In The Mc Carthy Era And The Salem Witch Trials Illustrated In The Crucible

1002 words - 4 pages and Terminer on October 29. Eventually by May of 1693 Phipps forgave all who were in prison on witchcraft charges. The Crucible and The McCarthy Era despite the fact that they took place at different points of time have several similarities. They both had people being accused for actions they did not commit. If the person was not found to be guilty in both McCarthyism and the Salem witch trials, they would have a hard time rebuilding their images

Comparing The Salem Witch Trials And The Red Scare

1294 words - 5 pages Inspired by the Red Scare, which was fuled by use of the either-or ( black and white) fallacy of thinking, Arthur Miller’s The Crucible depicts the village of Salem undergoing its own period of black and white thinking along with the suspicion and hysteria which followed. Miller exploits the literary element of setting to support the portrayal of the effects of black and white thinking in Salem Witch Trials of 1692. The

The Salem Witch Trials Essay 1693 Words

1693 words - 7 pages the accused, fourteen women and five men” ; these events are known as the Salem Witch Trials. “The Salem Witch Trials happened between February of 1692 and May of 1693 in Essex, Suffolk, and Middlesex counties of colonial Massachusetts. They consisted of a series of hearings and trials that were brought before the local magistrate in order to prosecute people accused of witchcraft. More than 150 people were accused and arrested of practicing