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Comparing Welfare Provision In Germany And England

1704 words - 7 pages

Comparing Welfare Provision in Germany and England

"Our state reduces more and more its responsibility to provide welfare
among the people". This is a statement that you can hear very often
saying Germans about their welfare state in comparison with other
welfare systems, as for instance the English system.

This essay examines the similarities and differences between the
German and the English welfare provision focusing on the extent to
which this provision is provided. To understand the appropriacy and
to discuss the extent of the provision it is helpful, firstly, to
start with a brief definition of how these countries define a welfare
state, and proceed with the different models that we encounter in
Germany and in the UK. We continue with comparing and contrasting the
extent of welfare provision in both countries. Since this is a wide
area to discuss we concentrate on special provisions for instance the
unemployment benefits and health care, since they are considered most
relevant to the societies. Related to this analysis, we then highlight
the appropriacy of the provision in the twenty first century.

Finally, we come to the conclusion that the extent of the provision
in both countries is similarly extensive but differs in the amount to
which benefits and services are delivered. Furthermore, the
argumentation will show that the appropriacy of welfare provision is
needed, more than ever with regard to globalization and poverty.

In general a welfare state is concerned with the welfare that the
citizens are provided by their governments. Countries implement social
and welfare policies to provide more social security and opportunities
to the population. These policies comprises unemployment and
disability benefits as well as pensions, child care, education, health
care etc., what refers to the extend to which a country is willing to
provide for social security measures (provision).

Due to historical reasons different types of welfare structures
developed. Beside the general understanding of a welfare state there
have also been significant differences in welfare provision regarding
the German and the English system. We first consider the German
welfare state and than the English before we compare and contrast the
extend of provision with regard to unemployment benefits and health
care.

The German welfare state was first implemented during the Bismarck
era, who implemented the idea of a social state, and was further
developed in the background of a ´social market economy´ during the
time after the Second World War. That provision system was and still
is dependent on economic development and further social benefits are
income-related.

One can say that the modern English welfare state, as it exists now a
days, had its hour of birth after the Second World war in...

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