Zoroastrianism is an ancient religion that is the first religion to develop a monotheistic belief system. Zoroastrianism is heavily influential in the formation of the many religions, but more specifically, Christianity. For example, both religions believe in dualism, which is the concept that there are two original spirits: good and evil. In Zoroastrianism the good god is Ahura Mazda with the evil god being Angra Mainyu (Oxtoby, 5). In Christianity the good god is just referred to as God or Lord while the evil god is simply referred to as the Devil. In class we learned about the founder of Zoroastrianism, Zoroaster who was born into the warrior class who travels from his hometown to convince King Vishtaspa of his message who then converts his kingdom to Zoroastrianism. Mirroring this in Christianity, Jesus of Nazareth, known as Christ is the founder of Christianity spreading his message of resurrection and monotheism (Oxtoby, 143). Additionally, both religions believe that Ahura Mazda and God were the creators of the world, respectively, and how it came to be and also sharing the monotheistic belief that these two gods are the only ones to worship. Both religions have an emphasis on morality and good ethics, with Zoroastrianism having five particular points while Christianity stemmed from this which also has a moral code which is known as the Ten Commandments (Oxtoby, 5). While both religious share the importance of death and reincarnation the two differ on burial rites. In Zoroastrianism the belief is that the dead should be disposed of in the “towers of silence” so that birds of prey can eat their remains (Oxtoby, 5). In Christianity, the belief is to give the person a proper burial ceremony and then to bury the body in a grave in sacred ground. In general, Christianity stems from Zoroastrianism and even though Zoroastrianism has nearly phased out and Christianity has grown to be one of the most practiced religions, we cannot neglect where we adopted Christianity from.
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Describe how Christian Fundamentalism (or more specifically Pentecostalism) was reacting to events taking place in the 19th century.
During the nineteenth century, Charles Darwin came out with his theory of human evolution. This theory caused major disputes within the Christian community which initiated the split of Catholics from Christians, however the Christians would further be subdivided into Evangelicals to Fundamentalists, then Pentecostals and even serpent handlers. The disagreement was about separation of religion from state affairs in regards to evolution, slavery, and the upcoming issue of women’s rights that will take off in the twentieth century. “The eighteenth-century Enlightenment and the American and French revolution loosened the official ties between church and state” (Oxtoby, 187). The Catholics kept a conservative viewpoint whereas the Christians held a more liberal point of view, and thus began to subdivide into separate branches of...