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Comparison Between The Articles Of Confederation And The United States Constitution

953 words - 4 pages

Towards the end of the Revolutionary War, the people felt they needed a document to secure their independence from Britain. This document was the Articles of Confederation. Shortly after that, a new document was formed to what we know as the Constitution of the United States. These documents were similar but more different at the same time with each other, and each granted specific powers to the national government.
By throwing off the British monarchy it left the states without a central government. The states needed a new government and fast, which paved way for the first constitution, the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation was started on November 15th 1777, and was in force on March 1, 1781. It was written to bring a union between the 13 states: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
The article was written in the early part of the American Revolution by the committee of the second continental congress, because of the wars with Great Britain and the experience they have had with them. They wanted to give the states as much independence as possible, and this independence greatly limited the power of the federal government. The articles helped the struggling states in the process and exercise of self-government.
During the articles, the national government consisted of a single house of congress. There was no judicial branch of government, only authority to mediate. The government, formed by the articles, was more of a friendship between the states; this government was also very dependent on the states. The Articles of Confederation left great concerns with the people of the United States; they felt there were major flaws in the articles. The first flaw being economic trade left a loose affiliation. The states were able to tax the goods produced in other states, to protect their local states. The second was domestic order, where there was no guarantee that the states wouldn’t fight among each other. The third was foreign affairs, where they were concerned that they would not be able to protect themselves from foreign enemies. By 1787, the states have realized that the articles were too weak to provide an effective union of the states, and they needed a strong central government and a stronger constitution. Although the articles failed to provide an effective constitution, it was a great start to what we know now as the Constitution of the United States.
“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” These are the first 52 words of the constitution looked at to be the most important part of the constitution; it...

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