Comparison Between The Stranger And Myth Of Sisyphus

1090 words - 4 pages

Getting used to punishment The book, The Stranger, was written by Albert Camus and was based on the Myth of Sisyphus, and thus these two books share many similarities and also contain many differences. In the Myth of Sisyphus, Sisyphus was eternally condemned by the gods to push a rock up a hill, only to have it fall down on him again. Meursault however, is a person who is accused of murder, sent to jail for over a year, and is then executed. What both these characters have come to realize is that they are forced to live in these situations created by fate, therefore they might as well enjoy or at least "get used to" them. Meursault is forced to live in a cell without any pleasures, such as his cigarettes or the "love" of a woman. When this happens, Meursault recalls what his mother told him. She said that one could get used to just about anything. When Meursault realizes and understands that this is just part of his punishment, he becomes indifferent, as he always does, and accepts his situation. Though Meursault had mentally accepted his situation, his body still suffers withdraw symptoms and sexual urges. Eventually however, his body "got used to it" as well. He passively defies punishment by accepting his situation and enjoying himself in jail. That is when Meursault's punishment isn't a punishment anymore. When Meursault is condemned to death, he does not act surprised, although he wishes he did not have to die. After a while he accepts that too. It did not matter to him that he is going to die, since he reasoned that he would have to face the same dilemma in a few years anyway. Sisyphus on the other hand, is damned for eternity to perform a futile task, which is to roll a rock up a hill where it will fall back down, and the process repeats itself. If he were to view his fate decreed upon him as punishment, for the rest of forever, then he would only make his presently bad situation into an eternity of horrible torture, which was the original design of the plan. However, Sisyphus triumphs over the gods because he has also gotten "used to it" in a way and thus his intended punishment failed to be a punishment for him, just like Meursault's punishment. Meursault befriends and talks to the guard and he discovers that prison "deprives one of freedom." He understands that this and many other "annoyances" were simply a part of his punishment, just as Sisyphus did. They both move on to view their positions from a different perspective. Sisyphus makes a transition from sadness, to a degree of happiness, mainly, to defy the gods; therefore it is not true happiness. He "...obeys fate without knowing it", just as Oedipus did. Similarly Meursault accepts his imprisonment with the same kind of indifference that he takes everything else. Meursault, being the existentialist that he is, would not let his life go to waste in boredom. He entertains himself by...

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