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Comparison Of Romanesque And Gothic Architecture Art History Essay

511 words - 3 pages

COMPARISON OF ROMANESQUE
AND GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
The Romanesque Basilica of St. Sernin, church in Toulouse, France was constructed between 1080 and 1120 and the Gothic, Chartres Cathedral located in Chartres, France was built from 1194 to 1120, and was completed 1220. Both structures have magnificent presence due to their large size and have the basic cruciform floor plan. The period of Romanesque architecture, concentrated on large building size, the round arch, wall buttresses, chapels, and towers. Early Gothic architecture focuses on obtaining an even higher ceiling, ribbed vaults and the use of light St. Sernin was located along the the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela in Spain, which is why the church was built extremely large to accommodate the numerous pilgrims as well as the local population. This church has an extra aisle on either side of the nave which continues around the transept and the apse, creating an ambulatory where pilgrims could walk and pray. St. Sernin contains radiating chapels which were used to display important relics. There are nine small chapels at the back of the church, behind the transept and the apse. The nave is barrel vaulted and the aisles have rib vaulting and are supported by buttresses. There is a lantern tower at the crossing of the transepts and the nave which lets in much light. Chartres Cathedral has a longer nave and higher ceiling due to the discovery of vaulted ceilings. Chartres Cathedral has flying buttresses unlike the Romanesque Basilica of Saint-Sernin which has standard buttresses, this adds an divine...

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