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Comparison Of Speeches Between Rodolphe And The Councilman In Madame Bovary By Gustave Flaubert

1990 words - 8 pages

To further illustrate the seduction of Emma into an affair with Rodolphe, Flaubert juxtaposes the speech Rodolphe makes to Emma along with that of the councilman's speech to the people of Yonville at the Agricultural Show. Both Rodolphe and the councilman use the technique of seduction in order to gain their own selfish desires. By praising the people of Yonville for their honorable hard work and contributions to society, the councilman disguisedly sways the people to believe his flattering remarks, which further helps him and the upper class prosper. At the same time, Rodolphe is flooding Emma with passionate remarks and allowing her to slowly accept the idea of breaking society's ...view middle of the document...

..'" (Flaubert 147) he attempts to make Emma reflect on how miserable her life is. He begins to use the same technique of the councilman by asking a question and then answering it, also allowing Emma to hear exactly what she wants to hear because he knows Emma is longing to open up. He emphasizes this even more when he says, " 'It (happiness) appears one fine day, suddenly when you are most despairing. Then the heavens open up...'" (Flaubert 147) Rodolphe plays with Emma's emotions because he is sure of what she feels and the aspiration she has to break away from society's social norms. Lastly, Rodolphe convinces Emma that he is romantic with his zealous expressions, " '...the purest of passions, the most passionate of pleasures...'" (Flaubert 147) With these passionate expressions and romantic gestures, Rodolphe once again feeds Emma the precise anecdotes of romance and passionate love that she has longed for from her novels and this further attracts her to him.Monsieur Lieuvain continues speaking to the people, and begins to shift into a less formal method of speech. " 'You peaceful, men of progress...You have understood...'" (Flaubert 147) It is understood that the council man is of higher class than the crowd and this is why addressing them with "you" demonstrates the lowering of standard to further receive acceptance from the majority and allow them to feel of more importance since they are equal with his level. As he begins to make them feel part of his level and equality, he retreats and disguisedly tells the farmers that they should remain in their class of society and disregard the life of "politics." Because he strongly wishes for the crowd's approval, he does not aggressively mention that they should stay away from politics. He creatively dissuades the people by using a positive tone and receives their acknowledgement. Therefore, by using the art of seduction, he creates an acceptance for farming by the townspeople and a dissuasion of entering the political life; or can otherwise be seen as his way of life, which he fears will be taken over by the lower class eventually. Rodolphe also uses the techniques of addressing his audience with informality, as he tells Emma, " 'You feel you must confide your life to the person...'" (Flaubert 147) This technique creates a more familiar and comfortable level for both of them, as if they have been friends forever. Also, Rodolphe once again uses seduction as he tells Emma sweet things in order to obtain her love and compassion, and as ironically as before, he does not believe the things he is saying and merely says them to win Emma's heart. Furthermore, Monsieur Lieuvain continues his speech and now changes levels with the audience once more. " 'Where is a more faithful patriotism to be found than in the countryside...more intelligence...'" (Flaubert 148) The counselor is now praising the farmers and honors them for their nationalism; however the real message behind the...

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