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Comparison Of The Partheon And The Cathedral Of Chartres

793 words - 4 pages

Although the Pantheon and the Cathedral of Chartres are both some of the greatest architectural advances in history they are very different. We can compare the time that each of the buildings was built, where and for who they were built for, and why they were built. Another thing we can compare is the structure of the buildings and the type of material they are built from.
The Pantheon and the Cathedral of Chartres differ in structure and design. The Pantheon consists of two different parts the first is a porch surrounded by classic Greek architecture columns made of marble. The second part of the building is a circular Roman style made entirely of brick and concrete with dome as a ...view middle of the document...

The Pantheon was finished in 125 CE, during the Hadrian Empire. “The Pantheon may have been designed as a place where the emperor could make public appearances in a setting which reminded onlookers of his divine status, equal with the other gods of the Roman pantheon and his deified emperor predecessors (Ancient History Encyclopedia).” Where the pantheon was meant to be more of a gathering spot in town, the Cathedral of Chartres is meant to be a more spiritual experience. “According to tradition, Chartres Cathedral has housed the tunic of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Sancta Camisia, since 876. The relic was said to have been given to the cathedral by Charlemagne, who received it as a gift during a trip to Jerusalem. Because of this relic, Chartres has been a very important Marian pilgrimage centerand the faithful still come from the world over to honor it (Sacred Destinations).” The Cathedrals stain glass windows bring in no direct sunlight which makes visiting the Cathedral a more spiritual experience. Another thing that makes the Cathedral a spiritual experience is the fact that it is built in the shape of a cross. The building has nine portals including three from the original building. The north portal illustrates the Old Testament and the Virgin Mary, the south portal has the theme of the New Testament, and the west or “Royal Portal” is statues of kings and queens.
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