Comparison of Turkey and United States Higher Education
The higher education provided by the United States resembles the structure of the undergraduate college in the United Kingdom, and the research university in German. Turkey’s system of higher education is a product of a long struggle that the country has gone through after proclamation of the country. The character of the higher education in the United States bases its belief from the American people driving the ideals of Jefferson that limits the control of the government leading to protection of the institutions. Furthermore, the commitment of the state to offer equal opportunity and mobility of the social aspects contributes to influencing higher education in the United States. The freedom of the individuals, the states, and communities involved in religious activities in addition facilitate in maintenance of these ideas in the United States (Guruz, 2011).
Capitalism also influences the institutions coupled by the markets rational way of thinking. The colleges and universities in the United States are of the assumption that where competition exists, the quality of education offered is higher. This is in comparison to the centralized planning. Furthermore, the Kemal Ataturk emphasized higher education in Turkey when he assumed power. Before his reign, the eighteenth century had witnessed the rising of schools that resembled the western style. The education in Turkey was in the hands of the clerics and institutions of Koran. These institutions had refused to offer education to the students, as they did not want to enlighten them, as this would lead them to reasoning for themselves (Guruz, 2011).
During this era, there were 5,000 schools with the students not exceeding 400,000. The teachers in Turkey were about 12,000 (Guruz, 2011). Higher education in the United States was an activity that was for the elite as it excluded persons based on their social class, gender, race and religion. It was only in the 20th century that there was provision of gateway for the middle class, women and the minorities to the higher education platform. This was viewed by the American people as a vital component of the ideal of the nation as an opportune land. The community college purpose was to increase the access of higher education to persons of all ages, gender, incomes and religion.
The higher education mirrors the character of the Americans, which are competitiveness, independence, inclusiveness, government’s suspicion and ambition. Turkey’s higher education began its journey in the oldest university known as Istanbul Darulfunun, which was a conservative area. This transformed to become the modern institute offering higher education in the year 1933. This offered opportunities for learning for the Jewish people who were fleeing from the extermination by the Nazi. The passion of Ataturk influenced the formation of other universities such as...