Comparisons between Hurricane Sandy and Hurricane Katrina
Hurricanes are formed over tropical waters. These intense storms consist of winds over 74 miles per hour (Ahrens & Sampson, 2011). The storms addressed here are Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Sandy. This paper will explore the contrasts and comparisons between these two horrific storms.
Year of Occurrence
Hurricane Katrina occurred in the year 2005; it made landfall on the morning of August 29th. However, the origins of this storm began as early as August 24, 2005. In the course of those six days, Hurricane Katrina varied in location and intensity before making final landfall on the southeast portion of the United States (Ahrens & Sampson, 2011).
Hurricane Sandy occurred in the year 2012. The formation of this storm began as early as October 11, 2012. It traveled through different areas of the southwestern Caribbean, and eventually created devastation to the eastern coast of the United States of America on October 29, 2012 (Blake, Kimberlain, Berg, Cangialosi & Beven II, 2013) (Manuel, 2013).
Region of Hurricane Genesis, Location of Landfall, Saffir-Simpson’s Scale and Tracking
Tropical waters serve as the perfect breeding and growing place for a hurricane. Storms, such as Katrina, are able to develop because of the availability of water vapor over tropical oceans. This creates the ideal environment for the growth of a hurricane (Ahrens & Sampson, 2011).
Hurricane Katrina began its formation above the tropical oceans of the Bahamas. As it traveled to Florida, Katrina became classified as a tropical storm, and then a category one hurricane. With its southwestern path, Hurricane Katrina raged to the east portion of the Gulf of Mexico. At this location, there was a devastating element ⎯ a section of warm water termed the Loop current. Here, Hurricane Katrina increased in intensity from a category one, to a category three and even to a category five storm (Ahrens & Sampson, 2011).
At its final location of landfall, Hurricane Katrina rated as a category three storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Damage Potential Scale. This decrease in intensity as Hurricane Katrina approached the southern United States was a result of the replacement of the storm’s eyewall. As the storm moved from the warm waters of the Loop current in the direction of the shore, rainstorms within Katrina robbed the eye of the storm of moisture. This process caused the replacement of the eye, and the reduction to the category three storm that made landfall in the vicinity of Buras, Louisiana on the morning of August 29, 2005. At this point, Hurricane Katrina’s storm surge was greater than 20 feet high. Though Buras, Louisiana was the location of landfall, Hurricane Katrina’s reach was much more vast: rampaging winds and the destruction of levees only added to the ruin this storm caused (Ahrens & Sampson, 2011).
Hurricane Sandy made a devastating...