Comparisons Of Creation Myth Essay

1909 words - 8 pages

Merushka Moodley
213569992
Mishi
Mishi

213569992''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''COMPARISONS'OF'CREATION'MYTH' 2!
Myths are traditional stories that give great insight into cultures, religions as well as the history of
people1. Creation myths in particular define how the world was created, along with the universe,
heaven, hell, people, and everything else that exists today. The Maori of New Zealand mythology
explains that there was Io a supreme being who created the universe out of nothing and created two
other Gods, whom then created the world2. Similarly in the Heliopolitan Cosmogony Egyptian
myths there was a vast and chaotic body of water that gave life to a supreme being named Atum-
Re3. Atum-Re then continued to make two gods named Shu and Tefnut, and they spawned many
children whom assisted with the creation of the world4. Both these myths share a common theme of
there being nothingness or just chaos before any life was created5.
This Egyptian myth takes place in Heliopolis, where there was a vast chaotic and bubbling body of
water called Nun6. Out of this water came Atum-Re, whom is the Supreme Being in this myth. He
appeared on a BenBen stone is Heliopolis on a high hill7. Atum-Re created two other gods named
Shu and Tefnut by spitting them out8. Shu was the air and Tefnut the moisture; they then had two
children named Geb, whom was the earth, and Nut whom was the sky9. Geb and Nut are unlike
most creation mythology, as normally the sky is male and the earth of female and in this instance
that isn't the case.
In this myth Geb and Nut are physically located very close together. Shu becomes attracted to his
daughter Nut and is therefore jealous of the relationship between her and Geb. This leads Shu to
push Geb down and lift Nut up thus allowing Shu, whom is the air, to separate them.
This intergenerational conflict can also be seen in the Maori myth when Tane tries to seduce his
mother Papa. Although Tane did separate Rangi and Papa it was not due to the jealously of his 1 "Myth." The Oxford English Dictionary. 11th ed. 2008. Print. 2 The University of Texas at Austin. (2012). Creation Myth - Maori. Available: www.laits.utexas.edu/doherty/plan2/liangcreation.html. Last accessed 1 March 2014. 3 Byron E. Shafer 1991 Religion in Ancient Egypt: Gods, Myths, and Personal Practice Ithaca: Cornell University Press 4 The University of Texas Austin, Creation Myth Maori, pp.1 5 Murtagh, L. (). Common Elements in Creation Myth. Available: dept.cs.williams.edu/- lindsey/myths/myths.html. Last accessed 29 February 2014. 6 Byron E. Shafer 1991 Religion in Ancient Egypt: Gods, Myths, and Personal Practice Ithaca: Cornell University Press 7 ibid., pp. 91 8 ibid., pp. 92 9 ibid., pp. 93
Mishi

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parents being close together, but rather because Tane and his siblings could not live...

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