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Comparisons Of Discrete Trial And Normalized Behavioral Language Intervention For Young Children With Autism

745 words - 3 pages

Psychology is the study of how individuals act with one another, the relationships between their social group, and the correlation within their environment. Psychology plays a major role in everyday life, especially in the nursing division. As a nurse, I will need the basic skills of psychology. For example, a part of the course was learning about the psychological diseases in which I could be working in a psychiatric ward. Another was learning about behavior therapies like operant conditioning. I could be a pediatric nurse and one of my patients could be like my brother. He is autistic and needed behavioral therapy to be specific, operant conditioning. In the future, I will benefit from the information that I have learned from psychology.
An autistic child is like a puzzle and one of the missing puzzle pieces could be there language. My brother lost his speech at the age of eighteen months and when he lost his speech he became very violent. When we would bring him to the doctor’s office the nurses would have to relax him with either pressure or my mom would bring his favorite teddy bear. What the nurses were doing was using operant conditioning. If he would behave they would give him more pressure or his teddy bear then, if he misbehaved then he wouldn’t get either. As a nurse, I may have a child like him and have to use operant conditioning. However, you can use operant conditioning with anything, for example, if a child doesn’t want a shot you give them a reward for getting their shots even though they were scared. Therefore, by utilizing operant conditioning a nurse can do her job while making the child happy.
An experiment was done to see whether operant conditioning on autistic children worked better with the old protocol or to try something new. People thought that it was better to use the old protocol “where they are described by the labels discrete-trial, direct instruction, and artificial” (Delprato, Dennis J., Eastern Michigan U, Dept of Psychology, Ypsilanti, MI, US, Psy). On the contrary, normalized treatment had better results than with the discrete treatment. The experiment consisted of the child...

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