One of the biggest rites of passages in the United States at the age of 16 is obtaining a driver’s license. The freedom to roam the open road and explore the world around you in most cases is a joyous occasion. At 16, a young inexperienced driver is constantly conveyed that driving is a privilege and one must use caution or that privilege will be taken away. However, over the past few years one of the growing problems in United States not only affects young drivers but drivers of all ages. Distracted driving is a growing problem in the United States that affects not only people of all ages but race, and gender as well.
In 2011, 3,331 people were killed in crashes due to distracted driving (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). In addition, 10% of crashes in 2011 were related to distracted driving (National Highway Traffic Safety). Distracted driving is basically any activity that can cause a driver’s attention to be diverted away from the task of driving (Injury Prevention & Control: Motor Vehicle Safety , 2013). This can include texting, using a cell phone, eating and drinking, talking to passengers, grooming, reading maps, using a navigation system, watching a video, or adjusting a radio or CD player (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). This is becoming an increasing problem amongst the population because it not only affects the person driving, but innocent bystanders and families. Common everyday practices like those listed above are increasingly becoming the reasons why more and more drivers are getting into accidents. Most drivers have the sense of invincibility. This false sense of entitlement is what leads to the more and more accidents on the road each year and justifies why this is a rising problem in the United States.
Based on research evidence, I will show that distracted driving is becoming an increasing problem that affects everyone in the United States. This critical analysis will identify and compare the types of distractions by age and gender in US population. This analysis will also pinpoint the steps necessary to prevent the continuing rise of distracted driving amongst the population.
The Crashworthiness Data System is a random sample of collected data by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of reported crashes (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). The collection of data identifies how an accident took place, the age of the person involved, variables of attentiveness, ethnicity, and gender. The data summarizes distracted driving into three main types visual, manual, and cognitive (Distracted Driving, 2013). Visual distraction is when a driver takes his or her eyes off the road (Distracted Driving, 2013). Manual distraction is defined as taking your hands off the wheel, while cognitive is taking your mind off the road (Distracted Driving, 2013). As previously, stated, distracted driving is becoming an increased problem in the United...