This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Complementary: The Sacred And The Secular

1280 words - 5 pages

Contrary to common belief, religion is composed of both religious—divine reverence, and irreligious elements—politics and philosophy. Reciprocally outlining Chinese ideals, this complementary blend of religious and irreligious elements allude to harmony of opposites without conflict. However, widely interpretative, the Western term “religion” prevents clear distinction between religion and philosophy when applied to Ancient Chinese religion, Confucianism, and Daoism. Though each equitably dissimilar, each sector influenced the upbringing of the other politically, while continuing to uphold similar purposes of perceived harmony. Therefore, this paper’s analysis of Ancient China’s concept of Ganying, Confucius’ concept of Social Hierarchy, and Daoist practice of internal and external alchemy reveals a progressive religious influence on State, and simultaneously deems philosophy as only an appurtenant to religion.

During the Shang Dynasty, Ancient Chinese religion served as the premise to political structure and reign. The first divination process involving oracle bones, or tortoise shells and ox shoulder bones, introduced the idea of Shang diviners. This recognition of power paved way for the separation of social classes, resulting in the elite and popular class. The elite were considered literate and cultivated, comprising the upper class. In opposition, the popular class was that of the lower class, illuminating indigenous values. Exemplifying a religious connotation, prescriptively, the diviners’ chief role during the divination process prompted importance of ancestral worship and sacrifice. Illustrating the concept of ganying, diviners would attempt to provide ancestors with proper sacrifices to induce spiritual fulfillment—shen, eliminating unsatisfied spirits—gui. However exemplifying a political denotation, descriptively, Kings used this method of oracle bone reading to provoke a sense of royalty among the elite. Associating themselves with the Mandate of Heaven, Kings manipulated the readings to serve their preferred political agenda. Restricting political objection, the King served as the only diviner who could read the oracle bone’s outcomes—“war, unforeseen disasters, and spiritual obligations”. As an incorporation of both religion and politics, the introduction of shamans created distinguishable syncretism. Religiously, the shamans aided Kings in giving the proper sacrifices to ancestors. Shamans revered “deities [of] nature”, serving as an indirect premise to early Daoist concepts—“this worldly”. Politically, while also indirectly serving as the foundation of Confucian ideals, this separation of power established a social chain of command. Similarly, the introduction of filial piety allowed further religious and political merging. Ancestral worship varied, with heavy emphasis on royal lineage, and placed “political importance of the spirit world” in ordinance with “the state”. This allowed divine reverence, while simultaneously...

Find Another Essay On Complementary: The Sacred and the Secular

The Secular Worldview Essay

3210 words - 13 pages humans - there are no moral absolutes, nothing that is absolutely right of absolutely wrong.Religious worldview are to be discarded as attempts to dent the inherent dignity of humanity. We are grow up now, and no longer need fairy tales about a sacred realm.Society should structure its communities around historical and human institutions.In traditional religious societies, religion is seen as being at the centre of life. In our secular age

the sacred city Essay

788 words - 4 pages Scholars are mindful of the spiritual meaning in geography, or space. Hierophany signifies of is the manifestation from ordinary to sacred. According to Eliade, anything can be manifested as sacred (Livingston 43). Many people consider geographic locations of high elevation, like a mountain, a spot where earth and sky come closest. An axis mundi is a place or object of central connection between the Earth and Heaven. Sacred mountains are common

The Assyrian Sacred Tree

2162 words - 9 pages A traditional interpretation of what has become known as the Assyrian Sacred Tree conceives of it as the date palm. Consisting of a series of nodes and interlacing vines, the depiction of the “tree” contradicts the morphological appearance of a date palm seems at best to be a highly abstracted consolidation of various botanical characteristics from separate distinct species. Despite recent proposals by several art historians and botanists to

Comparing the Secular Humanist, Machiavelli and the Religious Humanist, Erasmus

3216 words - 13 pages Comparing the Secular Humanist, Machiavelli and the Religious Humanist, Erasmus One can often identify a person's political, religious or cultural orientation by his or her reaction to certain words. A case in point is the expression "secular humanism." For religious conservatives those words sum up much of what is wrong with contemporary society. Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary gives several definitions for humanism, a word

The Use of Complementary Alternative Medicine

1184 words - 5 pages general medical conditions. A study included in the National Library of Medicine states that 193 patients of a 316 patient study used Complementary Alternative medicine following a cancer diagnosis. Alternative medicine comes in many different forms including herbal, acupuncture, and massage therapy. Herbal treatments is a form of a dietary supplement that uses natural plants and Herbs as a means of treatment for conditions or illnesses in a

Music: The Change from Spiritual to Secular

1804 words - 7 pages priests of the Catholic churches were very strict on how the sacred music was sung and preserved. With the change at hand in spiritual music, the Catholic high priests had to do something to correct the problems. The high priests felt that the secular feel and style of music that was becoming evident in spiritual music was tainting the sacred message in these pieces. The Council of Trent was called into affect to address this reoccurring issue. The

"Secular stagnation: The importance of economic growth"!

851 words - 3 pages INTRODUCTION TO MACROECONOMICS Tom Assouline 1442477 Christian Krelling Monday, November 24, 2014 !! One thing falls, everything else falls apart "Secular stagnation: The importance of economic growth"!! Economic growth is the increase in the market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. It is measured as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product, or real GDP. Of more importance is the growth of the

Complementary Medicines - The Case Against Their Supply in Pharmacy

1760 words - 7 pages Consumers want complementary medicines, some evidence suggests that work may work, and their use is on the increase. However, most complementary medicines lack clinical trials that conclusively prove their efficacy. This is further compounded by a lack of clear information on the status of the body of evidence for the support of specific complementary medicines. For pharmacists, considered drug therapy experts within the community, their supply

Sacred Music in the Age of Rebirth

1524 words - 7 pages their own music outside of the Church, but “what it was that they sang and played we do not know, for no record of it survives.” The earliest preserved fragments of secular music are Latin texts which date back to the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Secular music used the same principles as sacred music, and even used the ecclesial language. This shows how blurred the line was between secular and sacred music up until the Middle Ages. As history

The Sacred Language of Toni Morrison

1852 words - 7 pages The Sacred Language of Toni Morrison         Toni Morrison makes a good point when, in her acceptance speech upon receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature, she says, “Narrative . . . is . . . one of the principal ways in which we absorb knowledge” (7).  The words we use and the way in which we use them is how we, as humans, communicate to each other our thoughts, feelings, and actions and therefore our knowledge of the world and its

The Relationship Between State and Religion in Turkey: Is Turkey a Secular State?

1722 words - 7 pages The Relationship Between State and Religion in Turkey: Is Turkey a Secular State? Casper Gelderblom s1393162Introduction to Area Studies, Section A Instructor: E. Erol March 27, 2014Word count: 1490Two and a half years ago, Turkish prime-minister Erdogan visited Tunisia, the country where the so-called Arab Spring began. During his visit, Erdogan delivered a speech in which he made the case for "the Turkish model" to be accepted by the revolting

Similar Essays

The Sacred And The Profane Essay

787 words - 3 pages The “Sacred and the Profane” by Mircea Eliade, explores two innovative perspective of religion with aspects of the traditional and modern. Eliade draws principles such as heterogeneous in space based on experiencing the world as sacred. On the contrary, the homogenous man is blocked to these sacred experiences, since the world is experienced as profane. Additionally, Eliade discusses the alignment in space allowing the manifestation of the

The Benefits Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine

1661 words - 7 pages In today’s world, many people assume that the latest medical technology and treatments are always the best option. However, all over the world, different techniques for curing diseases and aliments are being used. These methods fall under the category of complementary and alternative medicine. According to Sandra Augustyn Lawton in Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Teens, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) can be defined as

The Clash Of Secular Thought And Religion

1968 words - 8 pages There has been a clash between secular thought and religion since its formation of societies in the classical age. Both have made an equal effect on the culture of each empire by influencing people to change their belief on the world. Major religions have made interactions, which affected some of their ideas for what they have become now. The major religions during the classical age are Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Jainism

The Sacred And Profane In American Beauty

2127 words - 9 pages Durkheim's concepts of the sacred and the profane has dominated religious and social commentary for decades. While these two, inexorably linked, concepts are most often related with respect to religion, we can apply them to the almost-religion of the “American Dream” for the purpose of analyzing the lives of Lester and Carolyn Burnham, Buddy Kane, and Angela Hayes in the film “American Beauty.” In “American Beauty” the experiences