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Free Will, Determinism And Fatalism. Essay

1533 words - 6 pages

According to the notes and the discussion in class we have seen that fatalism means "that certain events are fated to happen no matter what we want or do", therefore assuming that there is nothing that we can do to stop it from happening. Hosper is a believer of the fatalism; he argues that we are all determined to behave in a certain way according to the psychological laws. I would have to agree with Hosper, if he refers to those certain psychological laws as the environment that surrounds each individual. In my opinion, individuals will react and make decision according to the way that individual was brought up or depending on his environment. In my point of view, fatalism makes sense only for small choices, choices that do not have a big repercussion in someone's life. For example Fatalism is easy to believe in a small case that shows an Asian person choosing sushi over a burger; and vise-versa for an American person to choose the burger over the sushi. That choice can be called fatalism; However Determinism makes more sense, "it is the view that all actions and events are determined to happen based upon antecedent causes and pre-existing conditions. Given your beliefs and desires a certain action or response was certain to follow. According to the determinist all actions are determined and that rules out the possibility of human freedom. We are simply biological entities behaving in accordance with the laws of nature. If you knew all the laws, then you could determine all of our behavior". I believe this theory holds some truth, it applies to more important choices an individual will make, like for example in the area of love. It is difficult for me that a person was for each another. In the notes, "Hume and Stace simply redefine freedom to be acting in accordance with your desires. So anyone who is acting from their desires is free- even if those desires were predetermined, and follow as a necessary consequence. As such you could not have done otherwise than you did, but you are still free." Even if the choices are predetermined, I believe that the desire will take it over and lead to the final decision. That desire in my belief is nothing other then the free will, if the person is making that decision or choice from a desire then, that choice is not against will but a free will choice. The desire is the most important in the decision making: while I agree with Hume and Stace, my idea is complemented by Skinner`s point of view that agrees with the determinist, and ads the conditioning theory, nothing comes out of nowhere, the individual influences the conditions of the choices and then the desire pushes thru for the final word.4) Materialism, Dualism or Idealism? Which is the one that best describes the real world? Explain each view and then argue for the one that seems to be true, if there is one. If you question the existence of the real world, feel free to address that topic in your answer.During the course of the semester we have seen...

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