Comprtation Of Nature Protection In Ireland And Slovakia

885 words - 4 pages

UNIVERZITA MATEJA BELA, EKONOMICKÁ FAKULTATajovského 10, 975 90 Banská BystricaKomparatívna analýza prístupu vo vyspelých krajinách(Írska republika a Slovenská republika)Tatiana Morvayová Životné prostredie2EMP Štvrtok 10,40Porovnanie ochrany životného prostrediaV dnešnom svete venujeme ochrane životného prostredia omnoho väčšiu pozornosť ako v minulosti. Avšak rozdiel v prístupe k ochrane životného prostredia nie je markantný len pri porovnaní z časového hľadiska, ale aj pri porovnaní geografickom, či kultúrnom. Kým v niektorých krajinách je ochrana životného prostredia na popredných miestach v hodnotovom rebríčku, v iných sa ľudia zaoberajú skôr svojím každodenným prežitím.Rozdiely nemusíme hľadať medzi rozvinutými krajinami a krajinami tretieho sveta, stačí porovnať aj dve krajiny z toho istého kontinentu. Ja som si na porovnanie vybrala Slovensko, pretože tu žijem a Írsko, pretože som tam rok žila a mala som možnosť vidieť ich rozdielny prístup a taktiež metódy ochrany životného prostredia .Ochrana čistého vzduchuÍrsko má lepšiu kvalitu vzduchu než Slovensko, za čo môže niekoľko faktorov. Prvým z nich je poloha. V Írsku je silné západné prúdenie čistého vzduchu z Atlantiku a Slovensko sa nachádza v strede Európy, v oblasti s najväčším regionálnym znečistením ovzdušia na tomto kontinente.1Ďalším významným faktorom je znečisťovanie ovzdušia ťažkým priemyslom, naSlovensku je množstvo veľkých podnikov, ktoré v Írsku nie sú. Čo sa týka znečisťovanie ovzdušia dopravou je situácia v oboch krajinách podobná.Ochrana vodyNa Slovensku sa v posledných rokoch výrazne znížili percento znečistených vodných tokov a plôch. Napomohlo tomu hlavne stavanie čističiek vôd a sankcionovanie vinníkov, ktorý znečisťovali vodné toky. Slovensko má významné rezervy podzemnej vody a využívame z nich približne 45%. 2V priemere je 63,7% útvarov povrchových vôd vo veľmi dobrom ekologickom stave alebo dobrom ekologickom stave na Slovensku. V Írsku je 71 % z riečnych korýt v veľmi dobrom alebo dobrom stave a 44,6% jazier je...

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