Compstat has improved policing ever since it was introduced in the 1990s. Compstat is a system that is used by police agencies to reduce crime as well as achieving other departmental goals. Some of department goals are developing good relationship with the community as well as empowering commanders together with their subordinates. It focuses on sharing information, responsibility, fostering accountability, as well as improving tactics used to solve crime. Although, it has also been criticized for been incompatible with the community, inflexible and undermining some goals of policing, it is still acknowledged as an important organizational development in policing during the latter half of the 20th century (BJA, police executive research forum, compstat, 2010).
In 1994, the performance driven process (compstat) was first introduced by Police Commissioner William Bratton. He aimed to use compstat as a model to help reduce crime in New York City. Compstat process was adopted to be the blueprint in reducing crime while emphasizing on accountability at different levels within the police organization, it empowers commanders to be better leaders, and encourage better problem-solving skills. It is a method used by police agencies to analyze, rapidly identify problems along with finding solutions to problems (Eterno and Silverman, 2005).
There are four main principles of the compstat process including accurate and timely intelligence, rapid deployment of resources, effective tactics and relentless follow-up. Accurate and timely intelligence is the part of the process that entails obtaining correct data on crime incidents. Essentially officers are required to give a report on crime. This report should be able to inform others officers and departments on the location of the crime, the time it happened and how frequently if happens. The goal of this part of the process is to give detailed information on crimes and make it accessible when it’s needed for future crime investigations.
Employment of effective tactics is the second part of the process. This part of compstat involves designing potential strategies that will bring about crime reduction (Shane, 2004, p 19). An effective strategy means deploying resources to specific crime zones. For instance, when drug sales around a 24hr fats food restaurant are increasing commanders could use undercover operational tactics to deal with that problem. Or commanders can increase surveillance around the restaurant to defer more criminal activity. Commanders could also use direct inspections as means to solve the problem (Shane, 2004).
Carrying out effective tactics to solve crime requires rapid deployment of personnel and resources. For instance groups such as the task forces, robbery suppression teams, narcotics units and SWAT (special weapons and tactics). Individually these groups have skill sets that are effective in fighting specific crimes. However collectively the combined skills of these groups...