Computer Crime In The 90's Essay

2338 words - 9 pages

We're being ushered into the digital frontier. It's a cyberland with incredible promise and untold dangers. Are we prepared ? It's a battle between modern day computer cops and digital hackers. Essentially just think what is controlled by computer systems, virtually everything.By programming a telephone voice mail to repeat the word yes over and over again a hacker has beaten the system. The hacker of the 1990's is increasingly becoming more organized very clear in what they're looking for and very, very sophisticated in their methods of attack.. As hackers have become more sophisticated and more destructive, governments, phone companies and businesses are struggling to defend themselves.Phone FraudIn North America the telecommunications industry estimates long distance fraud costs five hundred million perhaps up to a billion every year, the exact the exact figures are hard to be sure of but in North America alone phone fraud committed by computer hackers costs three, four maybe even up to five billion dollars every year. Making an unwitting company pay for long distance calls is the most popular form of phone fraud today. The first step is to gain access to a private automated branch exchange known as a 'PABX' or 'PBX'. One of these can be found in any company with twenty or more employees. A 'PABX' is a computer that manages the phone system including it's voice mail. Once inside a 'PABX' a hacker looks for a phone whose voice mail has not yet been programmed, then the hacker cracks it's access code and programs it's voice mail account to accept charges for long distance calls, until the authorities catch on, not for a few days, hackers can use voice mail accounts to make free and untraceable calls to all over the world. The hackers that commit this type of crime are becoming increasingly organized. Known as 'call cell operators' they setup flyby night storefronts were people off the street can come in and make long distance calls at a large discount, for the call cell operators of course the calls cost nothing, by hacking into a PABX system they can put all the charges on the victimized companies tab. With a set of stolen voice mail access codes known as 'good numbers' hackers can crack into any phone whenever a company disables the phone they're using. In some cases call cell operators have run up hundreds of thousands of dollars in long distance charges, driving businesses and companies straight into bankruptcy. Hacking into a PABX is not as complicated as some people seem to think. The typical scenario that we find is an individual who has a 'demon dialer' hooked up to their personal home computer at home that doesn't necessarily need to be a high powered machine at all but simply through the connection of a modem into a telephone line system. Then this 'demon dialer' is programmed to subsequently dial with the express purpose of looking for and recording dialtone. A demon dialer is a software program that automatically calls thousands of...

Find Another Essay On Computer Crime in the 90's

The Future of Computer Crime in America

840 words - 3 pages and areoften motivated by deviant and illegal means. It is said that at any given time the averageAmerican has his name on an active file in over 550 computer information databases ofwhich nearly 90% are online, and of the 550 databases the number comes no where closeto how many time your personal information is listed in some database in an unactivefile. The 'Average American' could simply sit in his/her home doing nearly nothing allday long and

Computer Crime in society Essay

1458 words - 6 pages Computer Crime has become a very large issue in our society today; this paper will look at this issue from a sociological perspective. It will analyze the various crimes that make up computer crime and see what changes it has brought about in the world in which we live in. Computer crime first is a very new problem in our society today and it is crimes that are committed from a computer. These include embezzling, breaking into other computers

Organized Crime in the 1920's

1077 words - 4 pages Organized crime flourished during the 1920's. This was largely due to prohibition. There was a number a people that particularly stood out during this time as mob figures.Alphonse Capone is one of the greatest mob figures ever known in the United States. He represents organized crime in the 1920's and would be a crime of its own to not mention him when talking about crime in the 1920's. Some of his nicknames were "Big Al", "Snorky", and

Crime and Punishment in the 1650's

1179 words - 5 pages Crime and Punishment During the 1650'sDuring the 1650's if a person broke a law, it was considered a sin and the punishment was very severe in most cases, but now criminal law has developed largely due to increase of education. For example, in the Scarlet Letter Hester Prynne was charged for adultery, and her punishment was to wear an A on her shirt for the rest of her life. She also had to stand on the scaffold for three hours, and she also

The Impacts of New Public Management Policies and Reforms in UK’s Public Sector since the 90’s

2207 words - 9 pages beginning of 80’s, with the conservative governments opening the way to NPM policies to raise, the most important period for implementation of this approach was the 90’s, with the development of competitive levels within the public sector services (Andrews, 2013). One can never forget the fact that UK has a unitary state with a strong executive sector, since this sector is in charge to manage the state at least. And the fact that there was never a

The Growing Threat of Computer Crime

3335 words - 13 pages crime (Arkansas, Kentucky, Michigan and Vermont are among some of the states that do not have specific laws regarding computer crime). In fact, let’s take a look at a few of these laws. In Texas, s. 33.03 “Harmful Access” states: (a) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally or knowingly and without authorization from the owner of the COMPUTER or a person authorized to license access to the COMPUTER: (1) damages, alters

Computer Crime, discusses the proposition that computer crime has increased dramatically over the last 10 years

1387 words - 6 pages resulted in losses of tens of millions to billions of dollars and all these crimes were facilitated by computers.BibliographyBequai, August, Techno Crimes (1986).Mungo, Paul, and Clough, Bryan, Approaching Zero: The Extraordinary Underworld of Hackers, Phreakers, Virus Writers, and Keyboard Criminals (1993).Norman, Adrian R. D., Computer Insecurity (1983).Parker, Donn B., Fighting Computer Crime (1983).Dodd S. Griffith, The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986: A MeasuredResponse to a Growing Problem, 43 Vand. L. Rev. 453, 455 (1990).

The Crime Of Vanity in Arthur Miller´s Death of a Salesman

1415 words - 6 pages Field’s says the city is killing him, he forgets that Willy has done all of this to himself, not just the crime but also the punishment. In conclusion, B.S. Field Jr.’s analysis is an interesting take on Willy Loman’s affect on his sons, as a crime requiring punishment, but it does not go far enough to see all the implications of his crime or depth of his crime. Not only has he corrupted both his sons, he has only gifted suffering to his wife all in

Crime Fiction in Arthur Doyles’s "The Hounds of Baskerville" and Alfred Hitchcock´s "Rear Window"

1135 words - 5 pages Popular crime fiction has tended to maintain and challenge the traditional conventions of the established genre for its own contextual purpose. The generations holds Arthur Doyles’s “ The Hounds of Baskerville“ as one of the most endearing classics, revolving around the brilliant deductions of the enigmatic Sherlock Holmes, establishing a series of conventions that were to serve as a catalyst for future writers. In this sense, Alfred

Self-Esteem & Media In The 90's - A Reflective Essay

926 words - 4 pages Believe it or not; the media has impacted upon your life in one way or another. The commercials, magazine ads, radio advertisements, they all have done or said something to catch your attention for if nothing else, and extra three seconds. The television commercial is the powerhouse of influential propaganda of today, and the days to come. The music videos on TV often portray women as being inferior. They are not capable to withstand the

Computer Crime, on the increase in many areas: hackers, hardware theft, software piracy and the information highway

1334 words - 5 pages Great Paper Excellent essayComputer Crimeby: Manik SainiAdvances in telecommunications and in computer technology have brought us to the information revolution. The rapid advancement of the telephone, cable, satellite and computer networks, combined with the help of technological breakthroughs in computer processing speed, and information storage, has lead us to the latest revolution, and also the newest style of crime, 'computer crime'. The

Similar Essays

American In The 90's Essay

775 words - 3 pages The era of the 1990’s was an explosive time in American history both figuratively and literally. In the 90’s there was an extreme variety of different failures and also advances in technology. We as a nation had new advancements in space travel, our military and the way of life preparing for the turn of the century. As a country we didn’t know what the new millennium had to bring for us, but we were ready. Most significantly changing America

Gay Cinema In The 90's Essay

2476 words - 10 pages together with men in the military and women together with women in both the military and on the home front? (Dyer 1990:111). This situation created conditions in which both men and women could discover their homosexuality and experience it.Since the 1940?s many productions of gay and lesbian films started to bloom.Those productions were all underground and were recognized with the avant-garde movement.During the fifties, the blooming of gay film

The 90's Essay

1087 words - 5 pages The 90's was the decade of technology with the rise of personal computers, cellular phones, MP3, and Palm Pilots. But perhaps the single most important advance was the growth of the information superhighway - the Internet. The internet revolutionized the way we get our information and entertainment and has made communication as easy as a click of a button.Entertainment.The 90's marked two trends in the way TV networks aimed its television

Context Of The 50's And 90's In General

536 words - 2 pages advances in the 90’s include the created of the World Wide Web and HTML, the introduction of Windows 95 and 98 by Microsoft.Most especially, the growth of the internet and decrease in the cost of personal computers and further advanced with computer modems, cable modems, etc.Web browsing was also introduced with Internet explorer and Netscape leading the web browsing market and Java being created by Sun Microsystems.Ebay and Amazon were also