Computer Engineering Essay

925 words - 4 pages

Computer engineering can be generalized as the summation of the electronic sciences by integrating certain components varying from microprocessors all the way to supercomputers. The development of the computer has shaped the way technology and science is viewed in different cultures around the world. The definition of what the archetype and function of a computer is a monitor, keyboard, processor and its other electronic components; however, that is not how things have always been. Computers have been around for quite some time and were developed over many years with contributions from philosophers, inventors, engineers, mathematicians, physicists, technicians, visionaries, and scholars.
The first computers were simplistic mathematical calculating and eventually transformed into the computers that exist in the modern world. It has taken over 180 years for the computer to develop from an idea in Charles Babbage’s head into an actual computer developed today by many different companies. There was over a century of work to be done to make the computer into what we now use today. Before computers, people had to do calculations using such tool as a Chinese abacus or a slide rule to work out problems by hand. These small manually calculated devices over time evolved into the calculators developed in Japan in 1969, which were then used by Ted Hoff to produce a ‘soft-wired’ circuit, better known as a computer chip. Before and even more so after this invention, companies and government alike were delving into the science, designing computers that were specifically designed for a single task or few tasks which signaled the need for the computer. To differentiate these early computers, they were coded in separate binaries to perform their functions properly and distinctively, in turn making operating and the range and processing power in which these computers could work, and this was only the first generation of true computers. Shortly after the production of first-gen computers, an invention named the transistor immensely reduced the size and energy efficiency of its much larger, tubular precursors, and were eventually installed and programmed into mostly supercomputers for a time. By 1964, the third generation of computer technology had arrived. Texas Instruments engineer Jack Kilby was one of the firsts to create the integrated circuit, which basically integrated several parts necessary for a computer to function to be assimilated into one chip. Also appearing in the third-gen computers was the operating systems, much less compatible than what we know today. These OS made machines able to run several tasks at once. The Intel 4004 chip that appeared later in 1971 managed to one-up the original chip Kilby had created by assembling all necessary components onto the small chip. By 1981, the small chips created by Intel were being utilized as they produced personal computers to release to the public, offering a somewhat compatible...

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