Computer Evolution Evidenced In The Essays "Toward An Intelligence Beyond Man’s" By Robert Jastrow And "The Ai Revolution Is On" By Steven Levy

752 words - 4 pages

In the essay "Toward An Intelligence Beyond Man’s" by Robert Jastrow, the author showed his view on computer intelligence and predicted that computer intelligence will be a new kind of evolution. Jastrow stateed that computer nowadays is as intelligent as human brain; they can communicate with human, learn from experience, and raise logical questions. The more complex the computer, the better they imitate human. He predicted that computer will as important as life in future years. Then, Jastrow used the example of Arthur Samuel and IBM computer to show computers can learn faster through motivation, even they do not have emotions and drives as human do. He also points out that computer and human brain share some characteristics; they both freeze out when handle too many tasks, and they outclass fast decisions under a crisis. Jastrow said even human still have the control power, computers learn much faster than humans’ intelligence. Then, in an ultimate situation, computers and human w ill become partners; they completely depends on each other to survive. However, Jastrow thought this partnership will not stay long; as computer will become more and more clever , but human evolution of intelligence is almost finished. He suggested that computer will be the new kind of intelligence which surpass human, as a new evolution of life. He said the history had proved it takes a million year for human evolution. It took less time , compare to a billion years of evolution from worm to human. By the incredibly fast rate of technology improvement, Jastrow thought computer will evolve in a much shorter period of time.
In the essay "The AI Revolution Is On" by Steven Levy, the author stated how new vision of computer intelligence are differ from the past years’, and how useful they are in today’s daily life. Levy used Diapers.com as an example of AI’s application in real world. Like other big companies warehouse, it use robots by Kiva Systems to organize the warehouse and pack the orders. He said that this type of artificial intelligence is nothing like human intelligence. They do not aim to recreate a human brain, but perform from data sets and algorithms. Levy said the years of making AI imitates human brain is over. AI nowadays aims to handle...

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